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Published In: Systema Naturae, ed. 12 2: 665, 674. 1767. (15-31 Oct 1767) (Syst. Nat. (ed. 12)) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus with about 135 species, distributed throughout the tropics of the world, principally in South Asia, represented by 4 or 5 species in Pakistan.


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Trees, often large. Leaves alternate or subopposite coriaceous, often crowded towards the end of branchlets, exstipulate, crenulate, usually with glands near the base of midrib or petiole. Inflorescence a spike, sometimes panicled. Flowers small, greenish or white, bisexual, but the upper flowers on the racemes often male, bract narrow, linear, deciduous. Calyx 5 lobed, campanulate, lobes triangular, deciduous. Hypanthium ovoid or cylindrical. Petals absent. Stamens 10, episepalous, densly hairy, filaments subulate or filiform, exserted, anthers small, lobes scarcely connected. Disc intrastaminal. Ovary unilocular, ovules 2-3, style long. simple. Fruit ovoid, drupaceous, 2-5 winged or angular.

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1 Petiole with 2 glands at the summit. Calyx lobes glabrous (2)
+ Petiole without glands at the summit. Calyx lobes pubescent Terminalia bellirica
2 (1) Fruit winged (3)
+ Fruit not winged Terminalia chebula
3 (2) Fruit 5-winged (4)
+ Fruit 2-winged Terminalia catappa
4 (3) Bark smooth; younger parts more or less glabrous. Striations of fruit wings curved upward Terminalia arjuna
+ Bark rough; younger parts tomentose. Striations of fruit wings horizontal Terminalia crenulata
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