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!Fumaria L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 699. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 50 species, chiefly of the temperate and cooler regions of the old world and often as weeds; only 2 species are recorded for our area.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A difficult genus and most of the species are variable, affected by light and shade conditions. Sometimes plants grown in shade have small cleistogamous flowers and a typical leaf segment. Flower colour fades under preserved condition and must be noted when fresh. The fruit is sometimes joined by the expanded top of the pedicel by a narrow fleshy neck, distinct only in fresh conditions, which also must be noted during the time of collection.

 

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Annual (rarely perennating) often scandent herbs, glabrous or subglabrous, glaucous, with almost all cauline leaves, irregularly 2-4 pinnatisect with many usually very narrow segments. Racemes short, generally leaf-opposed, bracteolate; bracts often short, linear, rarely as long or slightly longer than pedicel. Flowers small, zygomorphic, white, pink or purplish, very much like Corydalis but spur very short. Sepals 2 or obsolete. Petals 4, only the upper spurred; spur much shorter than the lamina; inner 2 narrower than the outer ones; lower petal keeled. Ovary 1-celled, usually suborbicular with 1 (-2) ovules on each placenta; style short, often filiform with entire to somewhat lobed stigma. Fruit a I-seeded, ± globose nut, rugulose or smooth when dry, with 2 apical pits; seed usually large, suborbicular, brownish.
 

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1 Bracts equalling or slightly longer than pedicel in fruits; corolla pale pinkish to white; fruits usually rounded or very obtuse at apex; leaf segments obscurely channelled or not Fumaria indica
+ Bracts shorter than pedicel (1/2-3/4 as long) in fruits; corolla ± pink-violet with dark tips; fruits usually minutely apiculate (or obtuse); leaf segments flat Fumaria vaillantii
 
 
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