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Published In: Flora Indica; or descriptions of Indian Plants 2: 103. 1824. (Fl. Ind., ed. 1820) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: E. NASIR
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 40 species, mainly East Asian. 3 Himalayan species are found in Pakistan.


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Plants perennial, twining, decumbent or erect. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary. Calyx lobes 5, foliaceous. Corolla campanulate with 5 short lobes; bluish-green. Stamens 5, free, filaments flattened, situated on the margin of the disc. Capsule fleshy when young, becoming dry and hard, beaked, dehiscing localicidally by 3 valves. Ovary 3-locular; styles cylindrical; stigmas 3, flattened.

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1 Plants erect to decumbent, Leaves up to 3 x 1 cm, narrowly ovate to lanceolate (2)
+ Twiners. Leaves up to 7 x 5 cm, broadly ovate with rounded or cordate bases 3 Codonopsis rotundifolia
2 (1) Plants 1 m or more tall or decumbent. Leaves ovate-lanceolate. Calyx segments broad, triangular, overlapping at base, sinus acute 1 Codonopsis clematidea
+ Plants 1 m or less tall. Leaves frequently lanceolate, apex protracted. Calyx segments narrow, sinus frequently obtuse, sometimes acute 2 Codonopsis obtusa
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