Home Flora of Panama (WFO)
Name Search
Markup OCR Documents
!Coffea L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/28/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/28/2013)
Genus Coffea L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 172. 1753
Note TYPE: C. arabica L.
Description Shrubs, rarely pubescent. Leaves occasionally ternate, usually petiolate, the stipules free, acuminate, persistent. Inflorescences with flowers conglomerate in the axils, the bracteoles connate into a calyxlike cup. Flowers sessile or pedi- cellate, the hypanthium variously shaped; calycine cup reduced, truncate, dentate or lobulate, often bearing small glands within; corolla salverform or funnelform, the lobes 4-8, contorted; stamens 4-8, sessile or on short filaments inserted in the throat, the anthers linear, basally dorsifixed, exserted or included, often twist- ed; ovarian disc swollen, the style slender or thick, the stigmas 2, narrow, the ovary 2-celled, the ovules solitary, subpeltately affixed to the middle of the sep- tum. Fruits baccate, dry or fleshy, the 2 carpels often coriaceous, convex but plane and sulcate on the inner face; seeds 2, convex, the testa membranous with a deep groove on the ventral side.
Habit Shrubs
Distribution This is a genus of about 40 species represented in the tropics of the Old World, especially in Africa.
Note The 2 species, Coffea arabica and C. liberica, supply most of the coffee of commerce.
Reference Standley, P. C. & L. 0. Williams. 1975. Coffea Linnaeus Coffee (part of Ru- biaceae of Guatemala). Fieldiana 24, part II: 44.
Key a. Flowers 5-merous ...... 1. C. arabica aa. Flowers 6-8-merous ...... 2. C. liberica
 
 
© 2014 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110