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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 701. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large and difficult genus of about 600 species, distributed throughout the world except New Zealand, Polynesia and arctic zone; represented in West Pakistan by 8-10 species, unevenly distributed throughout the country, greater concentration of species being found in the Punjab and Kashmir.


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Annual or perennial herbs, glabrous or ± pubescent with simple unicel¬lular upcurved hairs. Leaves usually alternate, exstipulate. Racemes terminal or lateral. Sepals 5, usually persistent. Petals 3, ± united below. Stamens usually 8, ± united into a staminal sheath and adnate to the petals. Ovary 2-locular, ovule one in each loculus. Capsule 2-seeded, loculicidal, compressed. Seeds ± pilose, strophiole usually 3-lobed.

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1.Leaves petiolate, petiole 3-10 mm. Sepals deciduous. Keel split at top, not crested. Capsule rugose
Polygala tatarinowii
1.Leaves subsessile, petiole 1-2 mm. Sepals persistent. Keel not split, crested. Capsule not rugose
2.Racemes predominantly lateral, shorter than leaves. Bracts persistent. Strophiolar append-ages 3, minute Or 1/3 as longs as the seed
3.Plant villous with long straight and short curved hairs. Left margin not recurved. Outer sepals very unequal; Upper twice as large as the lower. Strophiolar appendages 1/3 as long as the seed
Polygala crotalarioides
3.Plant + pubescent with short curved hairs. Leaf margin recurved. Outer sepals + equal or upper slightly larger Than the lower. Strophiolar appendages minute
4.Leaves mucronate. Racemes dense, + truncate. Inner Sepals falcate. Capsule glabrous with cilialate margin
Polygala arvensis
4.Leaves obtuse or acute. Racemes lax, not truncate. Inner sepals not falcate. Capsule pubescent with long Apical and marginal hairs
Polygala erioptera
2.Racemes predominantly terminal, longer that leaves. Bracts caducous or deciduous, strophiolar appendages 2, minute or if 3 then 1/2 to 2/3 as long as the seed
5.Inner sepals falcate. Strophiolar appendages 3, 1/2 to 2/3 as long as the seed
Polygala sibirica
5.Inner sepals not falcate. Strophiolar appendages 2, Minute
6.Racemes dense. Upper sepal twice as large as the Lower; veins of lateral sepals not anastomosing. Anthers Sessile. Capsule wing 1-2 mm
6.Racemes lax. Upper sepals slightly larger than the lower; veins of lateral sepals anastomosing. Anthers Not sessile. Capsule wing 0.5-0.75 mm
7.Bracts and sepals glabrous. Lateral petals much shorter than keel. Seed not crowned with bulbous hairs, trophiole 3-lobed
Polygala abyssinica
7.Bracts and sepals hairy. Lateral petals equalling or longer than keel. Seed crowned with bulbous hairs, strophiole 2-lobed
Polygala irregularis
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