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Published In: Saggio sulla Storia Naturale del Chili . . . 177–178, 349. 1782. (Oct. 1782) (Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of over 200 species, mostly in the tropical and sub tropical Africa, Asia and Australia. Represented in Pakistan by 3 species.


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Shrubs or small trees, usually spiny; spines sometimes ending in short shoots. Leaves alternate, exstipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite in axillary, solitary or fascicled dichotomous cymes; sometimes on the spiny branchlets. Calyx 4-5-lobed. Petals 4-5, spreading. Stamens 4-5, inserted on the margin of the disc or slightly below it; filaments slender, broad. Disc broad, sinuate or lobed. Ovary sunk in the disc, 2-3-celled; ovules 2 in each cell; style short; stigmas 2-3. Capsule turbinate or rarely globose, 3-gonous, 2-3-valved, 1-4-seeded; seeds arillate.

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1 Spines usually not bearing leaves and flowers, up to 2.5 cm long
+ Spines usually bearing leaves and flowers, up to 6 cm long (2)
2 (1) Capsule turbinate, brownish, trivalved. Flowers in compact axillary cymes, shorter than the leaves
+ Capsule globose, purple, 2(-3)-valved. Flowers in lax axillary cymes, longer than the leaves Maytenus senegalensis
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