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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1008. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 40 species, distributed from Pakistan extending eastward to Indo-Malaysia, and Australia.


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Annual or perennial climbing herbs, dioecious or monoecious; tendrils 2-3-fid or unbranched. Leaves entire or denticulate, palmately 3-5 (-9)-lobed, cordate at base. Flowers white; male racemose, rarely solitary, often bracteate; female solitary. Clayx-tube oblong-cylindrical, expanded above, 5-lobed, lobes lanceolate, entire or serrate. Corolla deeply 5-lobed, rotate, lobes oblong or lanceolate, fimbriate. Stamens 3, inserted on the calyx tube, filaments short, anthers syngenesious, rarely free; staminodes absent. Style slender, stigmas 3, pistillodes 3, filiform. Ovary oblong-ovoid, fusiform, globose, ovules many, horizontal, or semipendulous. Fruit oblong, ovoid-globose or fusiform, large, indehiscent, usually glabrous and smooth, many seeded. Seeds ellipsoid or oblong, packed in pulp.

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1 Male flowers racemose. Leaves lobed, broadly ovate and orbicular-reniform (2)
+ Male flowers solitary. Leaves neither lobed nor broadly ovate or oblong 1 Trichosanthes dioica
2 (1) Fruit oblong 30-120 cm long, twisted (cultivated) 2 Trichosanthes cucumerina var. anguina
+ Fruit ovoid-fusiform, 5-6 cm long, straight (wild)
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