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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 89. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)

By S.A. Ghazanfar

General/Distribution: A genus of 120 species, predominantly distributed in the north temperate regions. Represented in Pakistan by 6 species.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Species doubtfully recorded or Indet.

Minuartia verna (L.) Hiern in J. Bot. 38:320.1899; Schischkin in Kom., Fl. USSR. 6:505.1936; McNeill in Davis, Fl. Turk. 2:53.1967.

Arenaria verna L., Mant. 1:72.1767; Arenaria paniculata Bunge in Ledeb., Fl. Alt. 2:68.1.800; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 239.1972.

Tufted perennial. Stems numerous, branched, with many leafy sterile shoots. Flowering stems 3-10 cm, erect, glandular-pubescent. Leaves linear to subulate or spathulate. Flowers 1-3. Sepals ovate, 3-nerved. Petals slightly exceeding the sepals, elliptic to suborbicular, with a short claw. Capsule only slightly exceeding the calyx.

Type: Described from the mountains of S. Europe, Hb. Linn. 583/30 & 31 (LINN).

Distribution: N.C. & S. Europe, C. & E. Asia, N. America.

Reported from Chitral by Stewart l.c. (Chitral, 7000', Harriss 15923). Arenaria paniculata Bunge (Syn.) was orginally described from Altai and it is quite likely species is found in the Chitral area, but we have not seen any material.

Minuartia sp.

Stems erect, sparsely glandular-pubescent. Leaves 5-10 mm, linear-subulate, 3-nerved. Bracts glandular pubescent at the base. Flowers usually 3, in dichasia. Pedicel glandular pubescent, filiform longer than the calyx. Calyx campanulate. Sepals c. 4 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acute, sparsely glandular, 3-nerved with a scarious margin. Petals oblong, 1½ times the length of the calyx. Capsule ovoid, long or slightly longer than the calyx. Seeds brown, c. 0.7 mm, finely tuberculate.

The plant has been collected from Baluchistan sine. loc. (date 10.11.50, RAW; PPFI-B) and is distinct from the other two species, Minuartia meyeri and Minuartia picta found in Baluchistan. More material is required to ascertain its status.


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Annual or perennial, often caespitose herbs. Leaves narrowly lanceolate, linear-subulate or setaceous, usually 3-veined (in our species). Inflorescence Insole, few to many flowered. Sepals 5, free, usually strongly 3-nerved. Petals, 5, entire or sometimes retuse. Stamens 10, the outer whorl with obscure basal glands. Styles 3. Capsule dehiscing by 3 valves. Seeds smooth or tuberculate.

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1 Stem leafy throughout (4)
+ Stem not leafy throughout. Leaves usually basal, fasciculate, on short sterile shoots. Flowering stems with 0-4 leaf-pairs (2)
2 (1) Leaves linear, without pungent apices. Sepals 4-5 mm long (3)
+ Leaves linear to setaceous, with pungent apices. Sepals 1.5-2 mm long 1 Minuartia picta
3 (2) Pedicals longer than calyx. Bracteoles present 2 Minuartia kashmirica
+ Pedicals usually shorter than calyx. Bracteoles absent 3 Minuartia ebracteolata
4 (1) Flowers in spreading panicles or cymes. Pedicel longer than the calyx. Sepals oblong or lanceolate, apex not indurate. Capsule longer than the calyx (5)
+ Flowers in congested dichasia. Pedicel shorter than the calyx. Sepals lanceolate, acuminate, indurated. Capsule shorter than the calyx 4 Minuartia meyeri
5 (4) Leaves narrowly linear, almost spiny, convex and keeled below. Petals oblong, as long as the calyx 6 Minuartia biflora
+ Leaves linear-subulate, glabrous. Petals elliptical, 1/2 to 1/3rd the length of the calyx 5 Minuartia hybrida
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