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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2013)
Genus Monnina Ruiz & Pavon
PlaceOfPublication Syst. Veg. Fl. Peru. Chile. 169, 1798.
Description Herbs, shrubs, or small trees. Leaves alternate, entire, short-petiolate, stipulate or with stipular glands. Flowers purple or blue; sepals 5, the outer 3 herbaceous, free, the inner 2 (wings) much larger, petaloid, and ? concave; petals 3, the lower (keel) not clawed, unappendaged, essentially free, the upper 2 spatulate, adnate below to the staminal sheath; stamens 8, very rarely 6, their filaments con- nate nearly to apex into a sheath split on the upper side, the anthers confluently 1-celled, opening by a large introrse-apical pore; ovary 1-locular, the style genicu- late, the stigma with 2 dissimilar lobes with the outer (lower) ? acute and the inner (upper) tubercled, the ovule 1, pendulous; disc reduced to a gland at base of the ovary. Drupe with a fleshy coat, the surface rugose, marginate, 1- seeded; seeds glabrous, exarillate, the cotyledons thick.
Habit Herbs, shrubs, or small trees
Distribution About 150 species from the southern U.S. and Mexico to Argentina and Chile; predominantly northwestern South American. A comprehensive treatment of the genus is needed and will ultimately be provided by Ferreyra (for Peru see Jour. Arnold Arb. 27: 123-167, 1946; for Ecuador see Lloydia 16: 193-226, 1953; for Colombia see Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 121: 1-59, 1953; for Vene- zuela see Brittonia 9: 9-18, 1957). Two species are recognized for Panama.
Key a. Racemes slightly comose toward the apex; bracts lance-subulate, 4.5-5 mm long; leaves elliptic to oval, cuneate-attenuate or obtuse basally, 6-13 cm long, 2.5-7 cm wide; lower sepals of the outer whorl without a lateral lobe ....... 1. M. sylvatica aa. Racemes not at all comose; bracts triangular-ovate, acute or obtuse, 1.4-2.2 mm long; leaves oblanceolate to obovate-elliptic, acute to acuminate basally, 3-10 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide; lower sepals of the outer whorl usually with a small lateral lobe . 2. M. xalapensis
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