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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 986. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: ABDUL GHAFOOR
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 10 species, distributed in E. temperate N. America, S.W. United States of America to Andes, tropical Africa, S.W. Asia eastwards to Japan; introduced in Europe and elsewhere. Represented in Pakistan by 4 species.


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Deciduous, monoecious or dioecious, unarmed laticiferous trees and shrubs. Leaves simple, alternate, dentate, 3-5costate from the base, undivided or 3.5-lobed; stipules lateral, membranous, caducous. Male inflorescence axillary, long-peduncled, cylindrical catkin. Male flowers: sepals 4, busily united, lobes imbricate; stamens 4, inflexed in bud, soon exserted; pistillode present, turbinate. Female inflorescence long or short peduncled, axillary catkins. Female flowers: sepals 4, united at the base, imbricate, persistent and fleshy in fruit; ovary ovoid or subglobose, ovule pendulous, style 2-partite; staminodes absent. Fruit a juicy cylindrical-ovoid sorosis of druplets enclosed by the enlarged succulent calyces. Seeds subglobose, endospermous.

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1.Male and female catkins more than 5 cm long
Morus macroura
1.Male and female catckins less than 5 cm long
2.Leaves biserrate, lobes long acuminate-caudate
Morus serrata
2.Leaves uniserrate, lobes not caudate
3.Leaves pubescent all over the lower surface including the ultimate veinlets. Styles densely white hairy
Morus nigra
3.leaves pubescent only on the midrib and principal veins of lower surface, secondary and ultimate veinlets glabrous
Morus alba
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