Annuals or prennials. Leaf-blades flat or convolute. Panicle open or the spikelets clustered on the branches. Spikelets lanceolate, oblong or elliptic, small, the rhachilla disarticulating above the glumes, not prolonged or very rarely prolonged and bearing a second floret; glumes persistent, subequal or unequal, the lower rarely obsolete, obtuse to acuminate or awned, membranous or hyaline, 1-nerved; lemma usually longer than the glumes, acute, obtuse or truncate, awnless or awned from the tip or just below it, 3-nerved; callus short, obtuse; palea equal to or a little longer or shorter than the lemma. Caryopsis fusiform with adherent pericarp.