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Published In: Madras Journal of Literature and Science 12: 50. 1840. (Madras J. Lit. Sci.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 4 species of old world; only 1 occurs in Pakistan.


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Medium-sized, monoecious, hispid climbers with simple tendrils. Leaves ovate-cordate to triangular-hastate, palmately lobed, petiolate. Flowers very small, yellow. Male flowers in sessile clusters, subsessile to pedicellate; calyx-tube campanulate, with small, subulate or dentiform lobes; petals united below; stamens 3, free, 2 dithecous and 1 monothecous, inserted on the tube; connectives produced, thecae straight to subcurvate; disc elevated and free from the calyx-tube. Female flowers usually in sessile clusters, subsessile, sometimes coaxillary with male flowers; perianth as in male flowers; stigmas 2-3; ovary ellipsoid or globose, staminodes when present subulate; disc annular, surrounding the style base, free from tube; ovules few. Berry small, subsessile, 1-several in axillary clusters, ellipsoid, or globose-subglobose, ± hispid when young, red, almost glabrous when mature, smooth; seeds horizontally placed, small, elliptic-tumid with prominent thick raised margins and flat or subconvex smooth or scrobiculate disc.
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