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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 249. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A fairly large genus with over 70 species found in the temperate regions, mostly in Europe and Asia.
Distribution: Distribution: Himalayas in India and Pakistan, USSR, Europe.


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Plants perennial, pubescent. Leaves simple or compound, 1-3-pinnate. Rays 3 to numerous. Involucre of a few bracts or lacking. Involucel of a few to many linear to lanceolate or oval bractlets. Calyx teeth evident or obsolete. Petals white, rarely yellow, outer petals of the outer flowers in an umbel larger. Fruit elliptic, strongly compressed dorsally, oblong, obovate, orbicular or pyriform; dorsal and intermediate ridges prominent or not prominent, not winged; lateral ridges winged; furrows 1-vittate; commissure 2-vittate; vittae filiform or clavate, usually not extending (rarely extending) to the base of the fruit. Inner seed face plane.

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1 Cauline leaves simple (2)
+ Cauline leaves compound (3)
2 (1) Leaves tripartite; apex acute
+ Leaves ovate to cordate; apex obtuse
3 (1) Leaf segments less than 10 cm long. plans up to 1m tall (4)
+ Leaf segments 10-20 cm long, 8-15 cm broad. plants up to 2 m tall Heracleum candicans
4 (3) Leaf segments ovate to rotund, crenate to serrate (5)
+ Leaf segments linear to lanceolate, entire or oval to ovate and deeply toothed Heracleum cachemiricum
5 (4) Plants not villous; pubescent. Ovaries and young Fruits minutely pubescent Heracleum pinnatum
+ Plants villous; hairs white. Ovaries and young fruits densely pubescent Heracleum canescens
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