3. Wolffia Horkel (watermeal)
Plants minute, of 1 or 2 unequal, connected fronds, sometimes producing
turions. Roots absent. Fronds 0.4–1.0 mm long, globose or ovoid, flat or concave
above in some species, green or with red or brown spots. Veins absent. Pouches
2 per frond, the one along the margin of the frond producing vegetative buds,
the one on the upper surface producing flowers. Fruits 0.3–0.6 mm long, lacking
wings, the seed lacking ribs. Eight species, worldwide.
Wolffia contains the smallest flowering plants known. Magnifications of
10¥ or higher are
necessary to separate the species.