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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 2/7/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 2/7/2013)
PlaceOfPublication Syst. ed. 10. 1759
Reference R. E. Fries, in Acta Hort. Berg. 10: 85. 1930.
Description Shrubs or trees. Flowers usually small, sessile or shortly pedicellate, in axillary inflorescences or sometimes produced from old branches or from the trunk. Sepals small, valvate in bud, nearly free or connate into a cupular calyx. Petals thick, valvate, linear-oblong or sometimes deltoid. Stamens numerous, the anther cells locellate; connective expanded above the anther. Ovaries hidden in a deep cavity in the center of the torus; ovules lateral. Monocarps free, cylindric or sometimes short, clavate, containing a row of rather few seeds.
Habit Shrubs or trees
Distribution About 50 species in America, distributed from Central America and the West Indies to southern Brazil and Paraguay; also in the tropics of the Old World. Only 4 species are known at present from Panama.
Key a. Sepals nearly free or connate up to the middle; carpels few (4-8). b. Flowers numerous in axillary inflorescences; flower buds elongate, cylindric- trigonous; petals linear-oblong ...................-..... - .......... .... 1. X. FRUTESCENS. bb. Flowers solitary; flower buds ovoid; petals flat, the outer ovate..-2. X. BOCATORENA. aa. Calyx cup-shaped with almost wholly connate sepals; carpels numerous (25-45). b. Flowers numerous in axillary inflorescences; flower buds narrowly cylindric-trigonous; outer petals 2-3 mm. broad - 3. X. AROMATICA bb. Flowers solitary, axillary; flower buds thick, cylindric; outer petals about 8 mm. broad .................................... 4. X. MACRANTHA.
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