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Published In: Genera Plantarum 103. 1789. (Gen. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 100 species, distributed mainly in the Old World tropics, Mediterranean, S. Africa and Madagascar. Represented in Pakistan by 3 species.


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Perennial, prostrate-erect herbs or undershrubs. Leaves sessile or petiolate, opposite or pseudo-whorled, simple, entire or spinescent toothed. Flowers in axillary clusters or strobilate spikes or solitary; bracts 4-ranked, closely imbricated, spinose, persistent; bracteole lanceolate to spathulate, hairy. Calyx unequally deeply 4-lobed, 2 inner lobes shorter than the 2 outer, imbricate, persistent. Corolla tube shorter than the limb, indurate, limb not 2-lipped, upper lip absent or rudimentary, lower lip almost flat, usually 3-lobed, imbricate. Stamens 4, didynamous, all fertile, exserted, filaments inserted at base of corolla tube, thickened, anthers monothecous with white hairs, the other cell sterile or absent. Ovary bilocular, 4 or 2-ovuled; style bifid. Capsule oblong or ellipsoid, compressed, 2 or 4-seeded. Seeds flattened, beset with coiled hygroscopic hair bundles; retinacula stiff.

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1 Bracts up to 2.5 cm long, with up to 1 cm long terminal spine or slender bristles (2)
+ Bracts 3-5 cm long, with a sharp, 1.5-3.5 cm long terminal spine 1 Blepharis ciliaris
2 (1) Leaves linear-oblong, 2-4 mm wide. Inflorescence a many-flowered, strobilate spike, 2-9 cm long 3 Blepharis sindica
+ Leaves elliptic-oblong to oblanceolate, 1-2.3 (-3) cm wide. Inflorescence an axillary cluster of 2-3 flowers, 1-1.5 cm long 2 Blepharis maderaspatensis
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