This genus is characterized by a woody, often deciduous habit; interpetiolar, generally ligulate and rather cucullate stipules; petiolate, usually broad and often cordate leaves; terminal, cymose, rounded inflorescences; 5 calyx lobes; 5 corolla lobes that are valvate in bud; 5-6 exserted stamens; a long-exserted, well developed, 2-lobed stigma; 2-locular ovaries with 1-3 ovules per locule; berry-like fruits with oblate to subglobose seeds; and ruminate endosperm. Some Schizenterospermum species are similar to some species of Paracephaelis; however Paracephaelis differs in its imbricate corolla lobes, ovaries with 6-8 ovules per locule, and seeds with entire endosperm. At least some species of Schizenterospermum have horizontally spreading, "Terminalia-type" branching. The stigmas are deeply bilobed, but apparently the lobes separate tardily after anthesis so these stigmas sometimes appear to be entire. In some species the leaves have the secondary veins clustered in the lower part of the blade, giving the leaf venation a subpalmate appearance.