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Published In: American monthly magazine and critical review 4(3): 192. 1819. (Jan 1819) (Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/4/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted

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28. Osmorhiza Raf. (sweet cicely)

(Lowry and Jones, 1984)

Plants perennial, with clusters of somewhat tuberous-thickened roots. Stems erect or ascending, sometimes from spreading bases, glabrous or sparsely to densely hairy. Leaves alternate and often also basal (1 or a few basal leaves often present at flowering), short- to long-petiolate, the uppermost leaves often sessile or nearly so, the sheathing bases not or only slightly inflated. Leaf blades broadly ovate to triangular-ovate in outline, ternately or ternately then pinnately 2 or 3 times compound with distinct leaflets, these mostly 1 cm or more wide, ovate to lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, shallowly to moderately several-lobed and sometimes also with a pair of deep, basal lobes, the margins also toothed, shallowly cordate to long-tapered at the base, narrowed or tapered to a sharp point at the tip, the upper and undersurface sparsely to moderately pubescent with stiff, spreading hairs, especially along the main veins and margins. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, compound umbels, mostly long-stalked, the umbellets sometimes all or partially of staminate flowers. Involucre of 1–6 bracts, rarely absent, the bracts 3–20 mm long, usually reflexed, linear to lanceolate, with a sharply pointed tip, densely pubescent with stiff, spreading or ascending hairs along the margins and midvein. Rays 3–6(–8), often somewhat unequal in length, usually ascending. Involucel of 4–7 bractlets, these shorter than the flower stalks, similar to the bracts. Flowers 7–19 in each umbellet (usually 7 or fewer perfect, the rest staminate), the stalks 2–5 mm long at flowering (the central flower usually sessile and staminate), those of the perfect flowers elongating to 12 mm at fruiting. Sepals absent. Petals oblanceolate to obovate, rounded or with an abrupt, minute point at the tip, white. Ovaries glabrous or hairy. Fruits linear to narrowly oblong-oblanceolate in outline, long-tapered at the base, tapered to a beak at the tip, flattened laterally, glabrous or pubescent with stiff, ascending hairs (bristles) along the ribs, greenish brown to dark brown or black with green to dark brown ribs, the mericarps sometimes slightly arched or curved, somewhat narrowed along the commissures, with 5 narrow, angled ribs, these lacking wings. Ten species, North America, South America, Asia.


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1 1. Styles 0.5–1.5 mm long at fruiting, shorter than the petals at flowering ... 1. O. CLAYTONII

Osmorhiza claytonii
2 1. Styles 3–4 mm long at fruiting, longer than the petals at flowering ... 2. O. LONGISTYLIS Osmorhiza longistylis
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