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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 530. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus with c. 80 species, occuring in Asia, Africa and S.E. Europe. 3 species are known from Pakistan.


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Shrubs, diffusely but irregularly branched, branches flexuous. Leaves usually absent or very small, linear or filiform, distinct or united with short membranous ochreae. Flowers solitary or in loose clusters, bisexual. Perianth segments 5, subequal, reflexed or rarely spreading ± petaloid, nearly free. Stamens 10-18, connate. Carpels 4; ovary 4-angled; styles 4; stigmas 4, capitate. Fruit 4-angled nut, coiled or straight, angles usually setose beset with numerous, stiffish, filiform bristles which are often branched or variously winged. Seeds 4-angled, oblong; embryo straight.

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1 Setae of the fruits not arising on well defined wings but directly from the fruit. Fruit 20-27 mm across (including setae). 2 Calligonum crinitum
+ Setae of the fruits arising on 4 pairs of longitudinal wings. Fruit 10-17 mm acorss (including setae). (2)
2 (1) Leaves 7-15 mm long. Flowering pedicel longer than the perianth lobes. Nut c. 10 x c. 5 mm oblong; usuallly longer than broad. 3 Calligonum polygonoides
+ Leaves 1-5 mm long. Flowering pedicel usually smaller, rarely equalling the perianth lobes. Nut 7-8 x c. 3 mm fusiform, subglobose. 1 Calligonum comosum
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