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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/19/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 12/19/2012)
Genus CALYPTRANTHES Sw.
PlaceOfPublication Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 79. 1788, nomen conservandum.
Synonym Chytraculia P. Br. Hist. Jam. 239. 1756. Chytralia Adans. Fam. 2:80. 1763. Suzygium P. Br. ex Adans. loc. cit. 244. 1763. Calypthranthes Raeuschel, Nom. ed. 3. 144. 1797. Calyptranthus Juss. Dict. Sci. Nat. 6:274. 1817.
Description Shrubs or trees, the indument if present partly or entirely composed of di- brachiate hairs. Inflorescence cymose-paniculate, several-flowered, rarely only 3- flowered, usually subterminal. Receptacle distinctly produced above the ovary. Calyx concrescent, circumscissile at anthesis but the calyptra remaining attached at one point. Petals minute or wanting. Stamens numerous, incurved in the bud; anthers ovate, 2-celled, dorsifixed, opening by longitudinal slits. Ovary 2- to 3-celled; cells 2-ovulate, the ovules ascending; stigma simple. Berry globose, crowned by the persistent free margin of the receptacle, 1- to 2-seeded, cotyledons free, contort-plicate, the radicle elongate.
Distribution Species about 70 in tropical and subtropical America.
Key 1 a. Inflorescence 1- to 3-flowered, on a long slender peduncle ......................... 3. C. HYLOBATES b. Inflorescence cymose-paniculate, several- or many-flowered ....... . . 2 la. Leaves large 12-28 cm. long; flower buds globose, about 2.5 mm. high. 1. C. TUMIDONODIA b. Leaves much smaller, less than 15 cm. long ................................3..................... 3 3 a. Inflorescence and flower buds pubescent ..........................................................................4 b. Inflorescence and flower buds quite glabrous, the ultimate flowers not more than 3 together, mostly pedicellate ..................................................... 2. C. SCHIEDEANA 4a. Ultimate flowers glomerate, sessile, up to 5 together; inflorescence shortly villous with stalked hairs ......................................................... 4. C. CHYTRACULIA b. Ultimate flowers partly pedicellate, usually not more than 3 together; inflorescence finely sericeous with sessile hairs ................................... . 5. C. COSTARICENSIS
Note Calyptranthes pittieri Standl. also recorded from Panama, but which I have not seen, seems to be characterized by its thick and coriaceous leaves less than 10 cm. long, and pubescent cymose-paniculate inflorescence with sericeous flower buds about 3.5 mm. long.
 
 
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