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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 659–660. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-May.
Type: Type: Described from W. Europe: Herb. Linn. no. 836/38-39 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, most of Asia and N. Africa.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A common species found from hills to plains in our area; very variable in leaf, flower and pedicel size. but rocket like leaves, smaller flowers and fruits on thin ascending pedicels distinguishes it.
Photo: Sisymbrium irio L. (Photo)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral, Ayun, Toppin 46(K); Dir valley, Harriss 15885 (BM); Barum glacier, Chaudhri 65(RAW); Ziarat, Lowarai pass, amongst shrubs, fls. yellow, Stainton 2548 (BM) ; B-6 Peshawer, H. Deane s.n. (K); near Peshawer, Schlagintweit 10425 (BM) ; Khyber pass, Johnston 55(E) ; B-9 Baltistan, Skardu, Schlagintweit s.n. (BM); Ladak, Zdongpolas, 3750 m, Ludlow 387(BM); Hushe, Webster & Nasir 5958(RAW); Kishtawer, Thomson s.n. (K); C-6 Kohat, Drummond 3018(K); C-7 Rawalpindi, R.R. Stewart s.n. (K); Aitchiston 317(K); Topi park, Pinfold 41(BM) ; without locality, J.L Stewart s.n. (K); Sargodha, Jinnah garden, S. Abedin 2521 and 2502 (KUH); D-4 Baluchistan: Quetta, E. Nasir s.n. (KUH); waste field, fls. yellow, common, Jafri & Akbar 1700(KUH); Zahree, Stocks 871(K); without locality, Stocks 769(K); Quetta, on dry stony ground, and far from irrigation channel, H. Crookshank 134(K); D-6 Punjab: Salt range, Aitchison 22(K); D-8 Lahore, L.S. Das (E); Gujranwala, Khangah Dogran, R.R. Stewart 1434(RAW); Baghe Jinnah, Lahore, S. Abedin 2310, 2345 and 2360(KUH); F-5 Sind: Khairpur, weed in garden, fls. yellow, Jafri 3616(KUH); without locality, Stocks 604(K).


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Annual, (10-)20-60 cm tall, erect, branched, glabrous or sparsely hairy with simple hairs. Basal and lower leaves petiolate, pinnately lobed with a hastate terminal lobe larger than the laterals, 2-6-jugate, very variable in size; cauline leaves similar but only 1-3-jugate. Racemes 50-80(-100)-flowered, up to 30 cm long in fruit with siliquae overtopping young flowers and buds. Flowers c. 3 mm across, yellow; pedicels (5-)10-15 mm long in fruit, filiform, ascending or sub-spreading, rarely spreading. Sepals 2-2.5 mm long. Petals (2.5-) 3-4 mm long, c. 1 mm broad, usually slightly longer than the sepals. Stamens c. 2:3 mm long; anthers c. 0.5 mm long. Siliquae (25-)30-45 mm long, 1 mm broad, linear, often slightly upcurved; valvex submembranous, convex, obscurely to distinctly torulose, faintly 3-veined but the mid-vein distinct, glabrous; style inconspicuous, thickened, with a depressed, sub-bilobed stigma; septum hyaline; seeds 20-40 in each locule, c. 1 mm long, oblong-ellipsoid, yellowish-brown.
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