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Published In: Hortus Kewensis; or, a Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew. London (2nd ed.) 4: 109. 1812. (Dec 1812) (Hortus Kew.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/11/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Introduced


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2. Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. (yellow rocket, common winter cress)

B. vulgaris var. arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Fr.

Pl. 314 h–j; Map 1318

Stems (20–)30–80(–100) cm long. Leaves 2–15 cm long, the basal and lowermost stem leaves with the blade oblanceolate, deeply pinnately divided with 2–8 small, lateral segments or lobes and a large, circular to oval, terminal lobe, the median and upper stem leaves oblanceolate, irregularly lobed, toothed, or nearly entire. Sepals 3–4 mm long. Petals 5–9 mm long. Styles 1.5–3.0 mm long. Fruits (0.7–)1.5–3.0 cm long, the stalks 3–7 mm long, narrower than the fruits. Ovules or seeds 18–24(–28) per ovary or fruit, the seeds 1.0–1.5 mm long, circular in outline, oblong in cross-section, somewhat flattened. 2n=16. April–June.

Introduced, common throughout Missouri (native of Europe, Asia, widely naturalized in North America). Banks of streams; also pastures, fields, roadsides, railroads, and open, disturbed areas.

The young leaves of B. vulgaris sometimes are eaten cooked or raw.



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