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Published In: Flora Orientalis 1: 212. 1867. (Fl. Orient.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/20/2009)

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Chalcanthus renifolius (Boissier & Hohenacher) Boissier, Fl. Orient. 1: 212. 1867; Hesperis renifolia Boissier & Hohenacher in Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. Ser 1, 8: 22. 1849. TYPE: Iran, near Tehran, in valle Latkan prope Shah Neshin in Mt. Tuchal, 7000-8000 ft, Kotschy 228 (holotype, G-BOIS; isotype, E).

Moricandia tuberosa Komarov, Trav. Soc. Nat. St. Petersb. 26: 112. 1896; Chalcanthus tuberosus (Komarov) Komarov, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada (Acta Horti Petrop.) 26: 613. 1910. TYPE: Tajikistan, Zerafshan Basin, Mogian River valley, slopes near Mogian, V. L. Komarov s.n. (holotype, LE!).

Herbs 35−128 cm tall; tuberous rootstock cylindrical to ovate or oblong, 7−15 × 1.5−3.5 cm, covered apically with fibrous remains of petiolar veins of previous seasons. Stems erect, simple from rootstock, glaucous, glabrous, often becoming hollow in robust plants. Basal leaves often withered by fruiting; petiole 4−20 cm, expanded considerably at base; leaf blade reniform to orbicular, 5−18 cm long and broad, base deeply cordate, margin entire, apex rounded; middle cauline leaves sessile, cordate to broadly ovate, amplexicaul, 5−13 × 3−8 cm. Raceme 5−20-flowered; rachis glabrous; fruiting pedicels ascending, stout, straight, lowest ones (2−)3−7 cm, glabrous or hirsutulous at apex. Sepals lavender to purple, (5−)7−10 mm, glabrous or hirsutulous at base; petals purple, obovate, (12−)14−20 × 5−7 mm; filaments 5−9 mm; anthers 3−4 mm. Fruits linear, (7−)14−26(−35) cm × 5−6 mm, narrower and shorter when seeds immature; gynophore absent or to 3 mm; style 0.7−3 mm; stigma 0.5−1 mm. Seeds broadly oblong to ovate, 4−6 × 2.5−4 mm; wing continuous, 0.5−1.5 mm wide apically.

Flowering: Mar-May.

Habitat: rocky areas, shrubby thickets.

Elevation: 2000−3100 m.

Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan; Tajikistan, Turkemenistan, Uzbekistan.



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