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Chalcanthus renifolius (Boiss.) Boiss. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Flora Orientalis 1: 212. 1867. (Fl. Orient.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/20/2009)
 

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Chalcanthus renifolius (Boissier & Hohenacher) Boissier, Fl. Orient. 1: 212. 1867; Hesperis renifolia Boissier & Hohenacher in Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. Ser 1, 8: 22. 1849. TYPE: Iran, near Tehran, in valle Latkan prope Shah Neshin in Mt. Tuchal, 7000-8000 ft, Kotschy 228 (holotype, G-BOIS; isotype, E).

Moricandia tuberosa Komarov, Trav. Soc. Nat. St. Petersb. 26: 112. 1896; Chalcanthus tuberosus (Komarov) Komarov, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada (Acta Horti Petrop.) 26: 613. 1910. TYPE: Tajikistan, Zerafshan Basin, Mogian River valley, slopes near Mogian, V. L. Komarov s.n. (holotype, LE!).

Herbs 35−128 cm tall; tuberous rootstock cylindrical to ovate or oblong, 7−15 × 1.5−3.5 cm, covered apically with fibrous remains of petiolar veins of previous seasons. Stems erect, simple from rootstock, glaucous, glabrous, often becoming hollow in robust plants. Basal leaves often withered by fruiting; petiole 4−20 cm, expanded considerably at base; leaf blade reniform to orbicular, 5−18 cm long and broad, base deeply cordate, margin entire, apex rounded; middle cauline leaves sessile, cordate to broadly ovate, amplexicaul, 5−13 × 3−8 cm. Raceme 5−20-flowered; rachis glabrous; fruiting pedicels ascending, stout, straight, lowest ones (2−)3−7 cm, glabrous or hirsutulous at apex. Sepals lavender to purple, (5−)7−10 mm, glabrous or hirsutulous at base; petals purple, obovate, (12−)14−20 × 5−7 mm; filaments 5−9 mm; anthers 3−4 mm. Fruits linear, (7−)14−26(−35) cm × 5−6 mm, narrower and shorter when seeds immature; gynophore absent or to 3 mm; style 0.7−3 mm; stigma 0.5−1 mm. Seeds broadly oblong to ovate, 4−6 × 2.5−4 mm; wing continuous, 0.5−1.5 mm wide apically.

Flowering: Mar-May.

Habitat: rocky areas, shrubby thickets.

Elevation: 2000−3100 m.

Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan; Tajikistan, Turkemenistan, Uzbekistan.

 
 
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