3. Aschersoniodoxa pilosa Al-Shehbaz, Syst. Bot. 15: 390. 1990. TYPE: Peru, Cusco, Urubamba, Machu Picchu, base of Mt. Salcantay in Sisaypampa, near top of Palcay Pass, 4500 m. 1 May 1982, B. Payton & S. Tilney Payton 112 (holotype, MO!).
Plants 7-10 cm tall, with few-branched thick caudex. Basal leaves orbicular, 8-15 mm in diam., short petiolate, pilose adaxially with trichomes to 0.8 mm long, glabrous abaxially, margin entire to repand, apex rounded. Flowers not seen. Fruiting raceme somewhat dense; rachis pilose; fruiting pedicels 7-10 mm long, suberect to ascending, straight to slightly curved, subappressed at base, pilose, apically expanded. Fruit oblong-lanceolate, 25-30 x 5-7 mm; valve base cuneate to attenuate, apex acute; septum reduced to a nearrow rim ca. 0.1 mm wide; gynophore 1-1.6 mm long; style 0.8-1.1 mm. Seeds brown, 1.8-2.1 x 1.3-1.5 mm, reticulate and the units 20-30(-40) mm in diam.
A very rare species known thus far only from the type collection.