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Published In: Tekhno-Botanicheskīĭ Slovar': na latinskom i rossīĭskom iazykakh. Sanktpeterburgie 15. 1820. (3 Aug 1820) (Tekhno-Bot. Slovar.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: Y. NASIR
Contributor Institution: Botany Department, Gordon College, Rawalpindi.
General/Distribution: A family of 128 genera and c. 1170 species, many of which are cultivated. S. and tropical Africa, S. America, W. Indies, Mediterranean and tropical Asia. Represented here by 8 species.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements: We are grateful to the United States Department of Agriculture for financing this research under P.L. 480. Thanks are also due to Mr. B.L. Burtt, Mr. I.C. Hedge and Miss J. Lamond of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, for going through the manuscript and for their helpful suggestions.


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Annual or perennial herbs or small shrubs. Leaves fleshy or scale-like, opposite or alternate, exstipulate or with membranous stipules. Flowers usually bisexual, regular. Calyx tubular, 4-8 lobed. Petals more commonly absent or numerous and linear. Stamens 5 to many, the outer ones petaloid staminodes; filaments free or basally connate, anthers bilocular, dehiscing lengthwise. Pistil monocarpellary or 2-5 and syncarpous; ovary inferior or semi-inferior, 1-5 locular or many loculed; placentation axile, parietal or basal, with usually many ovules per locule. Fruit a berry, a loculicidal capsule or of 1-seeded dehiscent or indehiscent parts. Seeds endospermic.

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1.Capsule dehiscence operculate
2.Capsule 3-5 locular
2.Capsule 1-2 locular
3.Styles 2, free. Pyxidium 4-seeded, dehiscing by a bivalved lid longitudinally
3.Styles usually 1. Pyxidium 2-many seeded, dehiscing by a circumscissile lid
1.Capsule fissile dorsally or fruit of separate cocci or of 1-seeded indehiscent parts
4.Capsule fissile dorsally
5.Herbs with a dewy or crystalline appearance. Flowers large, possesing petals. Capsule hygroscopic
5.Herbs with glabrous to pubescent parts. Flowers small, lacking petals. Capsule not hygroscopic
6.Glabrous herbs. Capsule more or less papery
6.Papillose to tomentose herbs or under-shrubs. Capsule sub-woody
4.Capsule of separate cocci or fruit of 1-seeded indehiscent parts
7.Leaves with abundant raphides. Fruit of 5 one Seeded indehiscent parts
7.Leaves glabrous or papillose to glandular. Cocci 2 in number
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