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Published In: Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 8: 429. 1822. (Nov 1822) (Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/28/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/2/2015)
Area distribution:

One genus and 1 species in the Mediterranean, the Sahara, and S. W. Asia.



    Literature:  Kuijt J., The Biology of Parasitic Flowering Plants (1969).  Kuijt J. & Hansen B. (eds.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants vol. 12, Flowering Plants: Eudicots, Santalales, Balanophorales (2015). Su H-J. & al., Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insight into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae, Taxon 64: 491-506 (2015).


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Holoparasitic leafless polygamous or dioecious herbs, with minute flowers, densely crowded on a terminal, club-shaped spadix. Perianth simple of (1-)3-4 (-5-8) free or more or less connate segments, sometimes (in pistillate flowers) perianth 0. Stamen 1. Ovary inferior or half-inferior, l-celled, containing 1 pendulous ovule; style 1. Fruit nut-like or somewhat drupe-like, indehiscent. Seeds solitary in fruit cavity; endosperm oily and succulent; embryo lateral, minute.

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