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Published In: Genera Plantarum 62. 1789. (4 Aug 1789) (Gen. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: SHAHINA A. GHAZANFAR
Contributor Institution: National Herbarium,

Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad.

General/Distribution: A family with a single genus and 55 species distributed mainly in the tropical and subtropical regions of America and Asia. The large flowered species or hybrids are widely cultivated as ornamentals.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements: We are grateful to the United States Department of Agriculture for financing this research under PL-480. We are also grateful to Mr. I.C. Hedge, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh for going through the manuscript and giving valuable suggestions and to Miss R. M. Smith for the identification of Canna indica.


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Perennial rhizomatous herbs. Leaf bases convolute, forming an erect ‘false’ stem. Leaves oblong. Inflorescence racemose. Bracts small, ovate. Flowers hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, usually showy in terminal spike-like panicles. Outer perianth (calyx) 3, free. Inner perianth (corolla) tubular, adnate to the stamens. Stamens petaloid, brightly coloured, the fertile stamen with half the anther on one edge of the other; lower staminodes rolled backwards forming a sort of a labellum. Ovary inferior, 3-locular, placentation axile. Fruit a capsule. Seeds rounded, with a hard endosperm.

Lower Taxa
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