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Published In: Hortus Bengalensis, or a catalogue . . . 104. 1814. (Hort. Bengal.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: August-September.
Type: Lectotype: l.c. Roxb. 1694 (K).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Northern Tropical Africa.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The fruit is intensely bitter and used medicinally.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral, Duthie 19428 (K); B-7 Swat Valley, 3000 ft., Catacre 17196 (CAL); Tharparkar Dist.: Nabisar Road, near small lake, climbing on Capparis decidua, 12.12.1959, A. Jalis s.n. (RAW).


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A climber with bifid puberulous or glabrous tendrils. Stem sulcate, slightly hairy to glabrous. Leaves reniform, suborbicular, obscurely or deeply 5-lobed, apex round or rarely acute, scabrous on both surfaces, margin minutely denticulate. Petiole stout, puberulous, up to 12 cm long. Flowers white, pedicellate, c. 2.5 cm across; male flowers in 5-12-flowered, up to 15 cm long raceme; calyx tube c. 5.6 mm long, hairy, lobes lanceolate, acute. Petals ovate, 1-1.2 cm long, obtuse, hairy at the base. Stamens 3, filaments united, c. 3-9 mm long, obtuse, hairy at the base, anthers entire or ± bifid. Ovary ovoid. Fruit ashy, oblong, ovoid, 2-5 cm long, densely covered with c. 4-7 mm long bristles. Seeds ovate, black, slightly verrucose, emarginate, c. 4-5 mm long, 3-5 mm broad and c. 2 mm thick.
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