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Published In: Contributions to the Botany of India 125. 1834. (Contr. Bot. India) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: C. alpina Swartz subsp. infuscata (Nees) Kük., Engler, Pflanzenr. IV.20, 38: 386. 1909; C. trispiculata Boeck., Cyper. Nov. 1:45. 1888; C.atrofurfur Koyama in Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 16: 166. 1956.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May – August.
Type: Syntypes: Royle 118 and 123 (K!); ? Wallich 3381 (K).
Habitat: On moist meadows, mostly along rivers and streams.
Distribution: Distribution: From Afghanistan and Pakistan eastwards to Sikkim.
Comment/Acknowledgements: In treatments of C. infuscata and related species of sect. Atratae subsect. Alpinae (Kalela in Ann. Bot. Soc. Vanamo 19,3, 1944), position of staminate flowers in spike has been emphasized (e.g. Raymond in Koeie & Rechinger, Dan. Vidensk. Selsk. Biol. Skr. 14, 4: 5-35, 1965). For example, staminate flowers are said to be at the top of spikes in C. trispiculata Boeck. (holotype from India, Garhwal, Schlagintweit 10056 BM!), but this could not be confirmed in the material seen. It appears that less emphasis should be given to this character in sections Atratae and Aulocystis. Accordingly, Bowes Lyon 166, Chitral (BM), cited by Stewart (1972) under C. gracilenta Boott, is included here into C. infuscata.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Shokor Shal, 3500 m, Wendelbo s.n. (H, K); Bichgari, 3200 m, Gartner s.n.; Naltar Lakes, Stewart 26922; 26926 (K); B-6 Drosh Gol, 10000 m, Bowes Lyon 166 (BM, K, W); B-7 Babusar Pass, Abedin & Qaiser 8995 (KUH); Swat: Jabba, 9000’, Nasir & Siddiqi 2314 (RAW); Utror prope Kalam, 3200 m, Rechinger 20817 (W); Hazara: Kaghan Valley, Naran, 7800 ft, Burtt 834 (E); Bedori & Bantara Gali, 9000-10000 ft, Stewart & Nasir 24116 (RAW); B-8 Hunza, Baltit, Lobbichler 48 (M); Oltali (Ultar) Chish, 2400 m, Nakao s.n. (KYO); Gilgit: 9000-1000 ft, Duthie 12404 (BM, K); Upper Astor Valley, near Shan Kargarh, 10000 ft, Stewart 18756 (RAW); Astor, Teing, Strachey & Winterbottom 755 (K); Kunzlwan, Clarke 29352 (K); Pir Panjal Range, Ferozepur, 7000-8000´, Stewart 14770(K); Liddar Valley, Pahlgam, 8000-9000´, Stewart 21745 (K); Above Gulmarg, Stewart 8585A (K); Burzil, Clarke 29617A (K); C-6 Kurram: Shendtoi, 11000 ft, Aitchison 1243 (W); C-8 Kishtwar, 10000 ft, Thomson s.n. (K).


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Caespitose perennial, 5-50(-100) cm. Stem slender, sharply trigonous, scabrid and papillose above. Leaves from 1/2 to 2/3 of stem length; sheaths (10-)20-50 mm, grey to dark brown, margin of scarious side straight or concave; ligule 0.2-0.5 mm, slightly arched; blades 1.5-3.5 mm wide, flat, margins usually recurved, smooth or towards apex scabrous, lower side grey, densely papillose, upper side not conspicuously papillose. Inflorescence of (1-)2-4(-5) spikes, grouped closely together. Lowest bracts usually overtopping inflorescence, evaginate. Spikes 4-8 x 3-4 mm, globose, male flowers variously arranged, on top and/or below or in middle of spike, lower frequently entirely female, variegated; glumes 2.4-2.8 x 1.1-1.6 mm, ovate or triangular, acute, frequently with barbed c. 0.3 mm mucro; utricles 2-3.7 x 1.1-1.4 mm, green, later yellow, upper part densely papillose, sometimes scabrous, beak 0.3-0.8 mm, cylindrical or conical, bidentate, papillose, green, ostiole margins black-brown. Stigmas 3. Nut 1.5-2 x 1-1.1 mm, including c.0.2 mm peristent style base, turbinate, triangular, from yellowish to greenish brown.


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