Home Brassicaceae
Name Search
Species List
Planodes virginicum (L.) Greene Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenSearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Leaflets of Botanical Observation and Criticism 2(10): 221. 1912. (Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/23/2009)

Export To PDF Export To Word

Planodes virginicum (Linnaeus) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 221. 1912; Cardamine virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 656. 1753; Arabis virginica (Linnaeus) Poiret, Encycl. Suppl. 1: 413. 1810; Sibara virginica (Linnaeus) Rollins, Rhodora 43: 481. 1941. TYPE: United States, “Habitat in Virginia,” (lectotype designated by Marhold (1996: 128), Clayton 462 (BM 000042604).

Cardamine ludoviciana W. J. Hooker, J. Bot. (Hooker) 1: 191. 1834; Arabis ludoviciana (Hooker) C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 9: 60. 1843. TYPE: United States, banks of the Mississippi, Thomas Nuttall s.n. (holotype, K or BM).

Herbs, annual, pubescent or glabrous. Stems (0.5–)1–3.5(–5.5) dm, 1 to many from base, erect, ascending, to decumbent, branched or rarely simple above, hirsute or puberulent basally, often glabrous above. Basal leaves and lowermost cauline leaves with petioles (0.3–)0.8–21.5(–2) cm; leaf blade oblong to oblanceolate in outline, (1–)1.5–7(–10) x 0.4–2(–3) cm, pinnatifid to pinnatisect, pubescent or rarely subglabrous; lateral lobes (4–)6–12(–15) per side, ovate, oblong, to linear, often coarsely dentate on proximal margin, entire or minutely dentate on distal one, gradually increasing in size towards leaf apex; terminal lobes same size or larger than lateral ones, entire or laterally 1-toothed; middle and upper cauline leaves with shorter petioles, smaller, with narrower and entire lobes. Racemes lax in fruit; fruiting pedicels divaricate-ascending, (1.5–)2.5–6(–8) mm, glabrous, straight, slender. Sepals oblong, 1–2 x 0.5–0.8 mm; petals white, oblanceolate, 2–3 x 0.5–1 mm; filaments 1.5–2 mm; anthers ovate, 0.3–0.4 mm. Fruit linear, (1–)1.5–2.5(–3.2) cm x 1–1.5 mm, slightly torulose, latiseptate, straight, divaricate-ascending; valves glabrous; style 0.2–0.7 mm. Seeds brown, orbicular or nearly so, 1–1.2 x 0.9–1 mm; wing 0.1–0.15 mm. 2n = 16.

Flowering: Feb–Apr.

Habitat: fields, floodplains, waste places, lawns, railroad tracks and embankments, roadsides, cultivated ground, stream sides, open woods.

Elevation: 0–500 m.

Distribution: Mexico (Baja California), United States (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia).




© 2018 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110