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Published In: Chloris Aetnensis 4. 1813. (Chlor. Aetn.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: A. RADCLIFFE-SMITH
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Jan: Sept.; Fr. Per.: Apr: Sept.
Type: Holotype: France, Montpellier, Loefling s.n., Herb. LINN., 1140/5! (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: From Spain and N.W. Africa eastwards to Arabia and N.W. India. A common weed of fallow fields and dry waste places on sandy clay loam; 900 - 7500'/275 - 2300 m.
Comment/Acknowledgements: There is perhaps a case for keeping oblique separate from tinctoria further west, but in the east of their range they merge together.
Illustration: Chrozophora tinctoria (L.) Raf. (Illustration)
Map Location: ? A/B-7/8 Gilgit: Kaghusi, Giles 368 (K); B-6 Chitral: Drosh, Oct. (Recd. 1922), Drummond 21494 (K); Chitral, Stainton 3172 (BM); 1.6 km. from Chitral on way to Airport, 21 July 1972, Sultan-ul-Abedin 8084 (KUH); Chitral, 6 July 1974, E.J. Ether 8206 (RAW); above Ayun, 2 June 1977, F.B. Coughey 8426 (RAW); Din Joogha-Banaj, 32 km. from Dir on way to Jamir Gosh, 25 July 1971, Sultan-ul-Abedin 8200 (KUH); Barawalbandi, 19 km. from Dir, 18 July 1972, Farrukh Hussain 7122 (RAW); B-7 Swat: Mingora (Mongora), 10 Aug. 1952, R.R. Stewart 24231 (RAW); nr. Saidu Sharif, 10 Aug. 1952, R.J. Rodin 5429 (K, RAW); between Saidu & Madian (Madyan), Rechinger 19371 (W); between Madian (Madyan) & Kalam, Rechinger 19380 (W); Hazara: Shinkiyari, 8 Sept. 1899, Inayat s.n. (K); B-8 Gilgit: Gilgit Aerodrome, 5 Aug. 1954, R.R. Stewart 26312 (RAW); B/C-8 Kashmir: Kashmir, Oct. 1848, T. Thomson s.n. (K); C-5 N. Waziristan: Datta Khel, 3 Aug. 1934, N. Ali 1065 (RAW); S. Waziristan: Sarwekai, Fernandez 3962 (? ubi); C-6 Kurram Valley: Kurram Valley, Harsukh 15488 (K); Aitchison 425; Parachinar, 25 July 1958, R.R. Stewart 28035 (RAW); Shalozan Road, 29 Aug. 1971, M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 6953 (RAW); Dera Ismail Khan: Tank, Duthie 7205; C-7 Hazara: Haripur, 10 Jan. 1956, sine coll. 965, (KUH); Rawalpindi: Rawalpindi, 25 May 1871, Aitchison 533 in P.C. 1092 (K); June 1938, R.R. Stewart 16528 (RAW); Islamabad, University Campus, 15 Jul. 1978, Manzoor & Wali 537 (K); Jhelum: “ad margines arvorum versus ripam Hydaspidis”, 20 Sept. 1886, Narain Das 6344 (K); Kotian, near Sarai Alamejin, 20 May 1968, Saida Qureshi s.n. (KUH); Sargodha: Salt Range, Aitchison s.n. (K); Shahpur, Jan. 1887, Ram Baksh 6347 (K); ? C-8 ‘Chenab’, Oct. 1846, T. Thomson s.n. (K); D-4 Quetta-Pishin: Rani Bagh, Sept. 1961, Farik Ahmed 14 (KUH); Pishin (Peshin), 25 May 1968, Zaffar Ali 4852A (K); Khojak Pass, nr. Chaman, 24 Aug. 1969, Zaffar Ali & Y. Nasir 5824 (RAW); nr. Telephone Exchange, Chaman, 19 Sept. 1969, M. Qaiser 217 (KUH); Kuchlak, 6 Sept. 1980, Farrukh Hussain 169 (RAW); D-5 Loralai: Loralai, 21 July 1939, Mohindar Nath 2029 (B) (RAW); D-7 Faisalabad (Lyallpur): Raver Chenab Doab, Oct. 1846, T. Thomson s.n. (K); D-8 Lahore: Lahore, May 1846, ? T. Thomson s.n. (K); nr. Lahore, comm. 18 Mar. 1915, B. Sahni s.n. (K); Lahore, Apr. 1939, P.C. Joshi s.n. (RAW); E-5 Sibi: Lehri (Lahri), 10 Apr.1956, no collector given (RAW); E-6 Muzaffargarh: c. 3 km. from Alipur on way to Sukkur, 25 May 1972, Sultan-ul-Abedin & Abrar Husain 9731 (KUH); Bahawalpur: Banglow Shahi Wala, 72 km. from Bahawalpur, 27 June 1969; Sayed Manzoor Ashmf Zaidi 161 (KUH); G-4 Karachi: University Campus, Karachi, 4 Aug. 1969, Sultan-ul-Abedin 3577 (KUH).


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An erect-ascending annual herb up to 75 cm, sparingly, evenly or densely stellate-pubescent. Petioles 2-10 cm long. Leaf-blades broadly ovate-rhombic to ovate-lanceolate, (2-) 3-7 x (1-) 2-6 cm, obtuse, subacute or acute at the apex, cuneate or rounded or rarely subtruncate at the base, subentire to repand-dentate, 3 (-5)-nerved from the base, basal glands fairly prominent, sparingly, evenly or densely pubescent above and beneath. Stipules filiform, 1-3 mm long. Inflorescences 1-4 cm long, often produced above a stem di- or trichotomy. Male flowers subsessile; sepals lanceolate, 3-4 mm long, stellate-pubescent; petals elliptic-lanceolate, 4 mm long, lepidote without, yellowish-green; disc thick, c. 1 mm diam.; stamens (3-) 4-10 (-12), the filaments variously united into a column 3.5 mm high, anthers biseriate, 1.5 mm long. Female flowers: pedicels 5 mm long, extending to 3 cm in fruit and becoming deflexed, often upto 4 on a short peduncle; sepals and petals narrowly linear, otherwise as the ♂ sepals; ovary 2 mm diam., densely silvery-lepidote; styles stellate-pubescent and papillose, deeply bipartite, 2-3 mm long. Fruit rounded-trilobate, 5-6 x 8-9 mm, often somewhat tuberculate, stellate-lepidote, tinged with reddish-purple. Seeds triangular-ovoid, 4-5 x 3-4 mm, tuberculate, grey.
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