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Published In: Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 26: 420. 1894. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: A. RADCLIFFE-SMITH
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: June-October.
Type: Type: Material cultivated in Calcutta in 1835 from material sent to Wallich from Kumaon, probably by Sir Robert Colquhoun (Wall., Num. List no. 7913A!). (K-WALL).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, N. India (Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh), Nepal. Common on rocks and cliffs and in stony soil on exposed rocky hill-sides and banks, near streamsides and in forest undergrowth; 2300 - 7500'/ 700 - 2300 m.
Illustration: Andrachne cordifolia Hemsl. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-6 Chitral: Lowari [Lahoril Pass, 29 Jun. 1953. M.A. Siddiqui 27088 (RAW); Dir: Dir, 24 Jun. 1895, Sung.-Lt. S.A. Harriss 16625 (K); Oct. 1909, Lt. S.M Toppin 820 (K); 7 Oct. 1964, Dr. Salim 84 (K); 10 (or 16) Jul. 1971, Sultan-ul-Abedin 7864 (KUH); 13 Oct. 1971, Farrukh Hussain 6717 (RAW);? B6/7 Dir: Kulandi, no date, Mugairab Shah & Dilawar Khan 2605 (K); B-7 Swat; Above Madyan (Madean), 11 Jul. 1953, R.R. Stewart & A. Rahman 25003 (RAW); 8 miles from Balakat on way to Naran, 1 Oct. 1970, S.A. Faroogi & M. Qaiser 3229 (KOH); between Khwazakhiela and Shangla, 2 Jun. 1965, K.H. Rechinger. 30623 (K, W); Hazara: Kagan Valley, 30 Aug. 1896, Inayat Khan 20158/a (K); Batal (Bathal), Saranrange, 1 Sept. 1899, Inayat Khan s.n. (K); Paras, Kaghan Valley, 23 Aug. 1964, E. Nasir 2949 (RAW); Kowai, Kaghan Valley, 30 Sept. 1964, Hassan-ud-Din 3111 (K); ? B-7/C-7 Hazara: Magsood - Jabri, 6 Sept. 1978, E. & Y. Nasir 8945 (RAW); B-8 Kashmir: Baramula Pass, 7 Jun. 1847, J.E. Winterbottom 380 (K); ? B-8/C-8 Kashmir Ruttan Pir, 23 Aug. 1891, G.A. Commie s.n. (K); C-6 Kyber: Tirah (Afridi Expedition), 1897, J.F. Duthie 138 (K); Kohat: ‘ad mt. Mir Khhiorli in dit. Kohat, trs. Indum’, Jul. 1878, J. R. Drummond 880 (K); C-7 Rawalpindi: Mt. Machpoora, Murree, 11 June 1851, A. Fleming 247 (K); Murree, Sept. 1885, Da. M. Thule 1787 (K); 1914, Miss E.M. Saunders s,n. (K); Upper Topa, Murree Hills, June 1918, T. A. Sprague 115 (K); Lower Topa - 3bikka Gali Road, Murree Hills, Aug. 1918, T A. Sprague 145 (K); along Kulduna Road near Rosenheim, Murree, 1 Aug. 1952, R.J. Rodin 5378 (K); Kashmir Point, Murree, 21 Sept. 1970, M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 6077 (RAW); Mori Saidan, 26 Sept. 1980, Y. Nasir & Nazir 9342 (RAW); Sargodha: ‘versus summum culmen Sakesar in montibus Salinis in ditione Shahpur’, 16 Aug. 1902, J.R. Drummond 14406 (K); ‘in rupestribus ad summum culmen jugi Sakesar.’ etc., 1 Sept. 1902, C. Kabir in J.R. Drummond 14498 (K).


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A small shrub, commonly (0.6-) 1-1.5 m, occasionally up to 2.5 m tall. Young shoots very sparingly pubescent to subglabrous, soon glabrescent. Petioles 0.5-2.5 (-4) cm, Leaf-blade triangular-ovate to elliptic-ovate, (1-) 2-5 (-8) x (0.5-) 1-2 (-4) cm, rounded to emarginate and often mucronulate, rounded-cuneate, truncate or shallowly cordate, thinly membranous, lateral nerves 3-8 pairs, looped within the margin, not or scarcely prominent above, slightly so beneath, glabrous above, sparingly to evenly pubescent beneath, medium green above, paler beneath. Stipules triangular-lanceolate, 1 mm long, acute, pubescent. Male flowers geminate or in few-flowered fascicles; pedicels 0.5-1 cm long, capillary, glabrous; sepals elliptic-obovate, 2.5-3 mm long, rounded at the apex, connate at the base, sparingly pubescent without, glabrous within, pale greenish-yellow; petals obovate-spathulate, 2 mm long, rounded or emarginate, glabrous, yellow; disc-glands deeply bilobed, c. 1 mm long; stamens connate at base, filaments c. 1 mm long, anthers 0.2-0.3 mm long, pistillode trilobate, minute. Female flowers solitary, or sometimes accompanied by a ♂ flower in the same axil; pedicels (2-) 3-4 cm long, slender, glabrous; sepals suborbicular to ovate, 2 x 1.5 mm, accrescent to 3-4 (-5) x 2.5 (-4) nun in fruit, obtuse or occasionally slightly apiculate, connate at the base, 3-5-ribbed, sparingly pubescent without at the base, pale green; petals minute; disc annular, 2-3 mm diam., crenulate; ovary globose, 2 mm diam., glabrous; styles bifid almost to the base, 1 mm long. Fruits roundly trilobate, 3-5 mm long, 6-7 mm diam., ± smooth, glabrous. Seeds 3 x 2 mm, smooth, dull, pale brown.
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