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Published In: Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 7(1): 242. 1821. (Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: It is represented by 15 genera and 27 species in our area.


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Lateral nectar glands cubical or subprismatic, apex truncate, sometimes sub-bilobed or orbicular; middle glands often long, subglobose or stalk-like, rarely abortive. Hairs simple or absent. Stamen filaments very rarely appendaged (Crambe). Stigma capitate or bilobed, rarely with long decurrent lobes. Fruit generally a siliqua, usually with a distinct closed beak containing one or more seeds, usually ± bi-articulated with upper and lower parts dissimilar, indehiscent or dehiscent, very variable; cotyledons generally longitudinally folded (conduplicate) or bent round the incumbent or accumbent radicle.

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1 Fruits distinctly biarticulated, usually indehiscent (2)
+ Fruits obscurely or not biarticulated, ± beaked, usually dehiscent (8)
2 (1) Only upper part of the fruit seed bearing (3)
+ Both upper and lower part of the fruit seed bearing (6)
3 (2) Upper part of the fruit unilocular, 1-seeded Crambe
+ Upper part of the fruit bilocular, 2-many seeded (4)
4 (3) Fruit (upper part) elongated, siliqua-like, usually breaking into 1-seeds segments, 2-many seeded; seeds 1-seriate Raphanus
+ Fruit (upper part) broad, silicula-like, 2-4 seeded; seeds 2-seriate (5)
5 (4) Upper part of fruit flattened, broadly winged Fortuynia
+ Upper part of fruit globose, not winged
6 (2) Upper and lower parts of the fruit ± equal; the lower part opening by 2 valves Erucaria
+ Upper part of the fruit longer than the lower; none opening by valves (7)
7 (6) Upper part of the fruit elongated, torulose, many seeded Enarthrocarpus
+ Upper part of the fruit almost spherical with a short beak, 1-seeded Rapistrum
8 (1) Fruit a silicula; seeds broadly winged Savignya
+ Fruit a siliqua; seeds obscurely or not winged (9)
9 (8) Seeds bi-seriate in fruit (10)
+ Seeds uni-seriate in fruit (rarely sub-biseriate in Moricandia) (11)
10 (9) Siliquae tetragonal; beak prominent, flat and sabre shaped Eruca
+ Siliquae compressed; beak obscure, slender Diplotaxis
11 (9) Siliquae subcylindrical; beak distinct, often elongated, 0-3-seeded (12)
+ Siliquae compressed-tetragonal; beak short, obscure (style-like), sterile (13)
12 (11) Valve with 3-7 parallel veins Sinapis
+ Valve with a mid vein only Brassica
13 (11) Stigma large, conical, bilobed with decurrent lobes
+ Stigma short, capitate or sub-bilobed (14)
14 (13) Annuals or biennials; ovary 12-30(-50)ovuled Conringia
+ Perennials; ovary (50-) 100-200 ovuled Moricandia
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