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Published In: The Flora of British India 6(20): 743–744. 1894. (Fl. Brit. India) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-August.
Type: Type: Kashmir, Kishtwar, Regio alp., 15000 ft, 12.VI.1848, T. Thomson (K!).
Habitat: On moist moraine in alpine meadows to 4500 m.
Distribution: Distribution: From Dshungarskiy Alatau and Tian Shan Mts. to NE Afghanistan, Pakistan and Western Himalayas.
Map Location: A-8 Baghrot Valley, 3820 m, Miehe 3923 (H); 3850 m, Miehe 3768 (H); 3870 m, Miehe 4034 (H); Hunza Valley, Rakaposhi N flank above Nilt, 3470 m, Miehe 6425 (H); B-7 Hazara: Upper Kaghan Valley around Saiful Muluk and Battakundi, 3200-3500 m, Miehe 31; 44 (H); 3610 m, Miehe 93 (H); Kagan Valley, Saran, 3190 m, Schickhoff 1275 (H); Kagan Valley, Battakundi, 3750 m, Schickhoff 999 (H); Muzaffarabad, Bungas, Inayat in Duthie 22648 (K); B-8 Gilgit: Shinghai Gah to Pahot Gali, 2910 m, Miehe 727 (H); 3420 m, Miehe 753 (H); 3350 m, Miehe 789 (H); 3450 m, Miehe 815 (H); 4050 m, Miehe 1185 (H); 3550 m, Miehe 1425 (H); Tragbol, 10200 ft, Clarke 29223 (K); Gurais, 10000 ft, Clarke 29281 (K); Lidder Valley, Tolian, Inayat in Duthie 25571 (K); Pir Panjal, Jacquemont 559 (K); B-9 Kashmir: Baltistan, E Ganto La, 3600 m, Miehe 4890 (H); W Ganto La, 4040 m, Miehe 4765 (H); Above Hushe, 3660 m, Miehe 1902 (H); C-8 Kishtwar, 15000 ft, Thomson s.n.(K); Sind Valley, 11500 ft, Clarke 31036, 31039 (K), 30994 (BM).


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Stoloniferous perennial, forming loose tufts, (13-)20-40 cm. Rhizome covered by dark brown, soon fibrous scales. Stem obtusely trigonous, smooth. Leaves 1/2-2/3 of stem length, erect, sometimes curled; sheaths 20-30 mm, grey to grey-brown, margin of scarious side almost straigth; ligule c. 0.2 mm, scarcely arched; blades 1-2 mm wide, flat, long-attenuate, basal part adaxially frequently scabrous, margins and keel scabrous towards apex. Inflorescence by 1-5 male spikes, overlapping, and 1-3(-4) female spikes below, more distantly spaced. Bracts up to longer than their spikes, lowest sheath up to 20 mm. Male spikes 5-10 x 2-4 mm, fusiform or club-shaped, brown or yellow; male glumes 4.7 x 2 mm, oblanceolate, light-brown, margins scarious, apex acute or arista to 0.8 mm. Female spikes 8-20 x 3-5 mm, cylindrical or club-shaped, peduncle to 35 mm; female glumes 3.5-3.7 x 1.7-2.3 mm, ovate, acute or with mucro to 0.4 mm, reddish brown, margins widely scarious; utricles 3.8-4 x 1.2-1.3 mm, ellipsoid, fusiform or obovoid, bi-convex, clearly nerved, reddish-brown, finally dark-brown, white pilose all over, beak 1-1.3 mm, cylindrical, ostiole oblique, with widely scarious margins. Stigmas 3. Nut 2.2 x 1.2 mm, including persistent style base c. 0.3 mm, obtusely trigonous, brown, finely reticulate and papillose.
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