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Published In: Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 20: 137. 1851. (Trans. Linn. Soc. London) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Kobresia sanguinea (Boott) Raymond, in Koeie & Rechinger in Dan. Biol. Skr. 14: 19. 1965; R. R. Stewart, l.c. 99.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April - June.
Type: Type: "Afghanistan", W. Griffith 96 (K!).
Distribution: Distribution: Afghanistan and Pakistan, eastwards into Kashmir.
Map Location: B-7 Swat: Inter Khawajakhiela et Shangla, 1300-1900 m, Rechinger 30598 (W); 1700-2000 m, Lamond 1721 (E); Chakdara, Harriss in Duthie 16751 (K); Jhelum Valley Road, Domel, Stewart 11084 (K); Dadar, Nasir 6235 (RAW); Dadar, 4000-5000 ft, Stewart 28799 (E, RAW); Between Mansehra and Oghi, Susal Gali, Burtt 730 (E); Between Oghi and Battagram, Burtt 746 (E); C-6 Peshawar: Munda Haed, Khan 462 (PPFI); C-7 Hazara: Murree, Fleming 184 (K); 212 (K); Stewart 25740 (K, RAW); 7000 ft, Stewart 1524 (KUH); 8000 ft, Jafri & Ali 3067 (K); Ali 129 (RAW); Ali 651 (KUH); Murree, Lawrence Asylum, 5500-6000 ft, Trotter 14 (RAW); C-7 Sunnybank, 2 mi Kohala Road, Jafri 3067 (KUH); C-8 Poonch, Nakial, 5000 ft, Stewart 25741 (K, RAW); Kashmir: Trarkhel, 6000-7000 ft, Rashid, Nasir & Stewart 25628 (K, KUH, RAW); 25629 (K).


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Stoloniferous perennial, 25-55 cm. Rhizome 2-3.5 mm diam., internodes short, with dark, rather long, overlapping strongly nerved scales. Stem trigonous, grooved, smooth. Leaves c. 1/2 stem length to c. equalling it; sheaths 20-80 mm, outermost short, frequently deep red, or grey, margin of scarious side straight or slightly concave; ligule to 0.5 mm, frequently ciliate; blades 2.5-5.5 mm wide, rigid or flexuous, flat or carinate and margins revolute, scabrous. Inflorescence a small paniculodium with 3-5 partial inflorescences, all re-branched, peduncles to 12 cm. Bracts flat or carinate, margins scabrous, from shorter than spike to overtopping inflorescence, sheaths to 25 mm. Peduncles flat, grooved, scabrous, 1-2 in each leaf axil. Partial inflorescences androgynous, proportion of male/female flowers variable; cladoprophylls occasionally fertile. Male glumes 3.2-3.7 x 1.6-1.7 mmm, cymbiform, obtuse or acute and mucronulate, glossy, with narrow, scarious margin. Female glumes 1.8-2.4 x 1.2-2.1 mm, cymbiform, margins scarious, mid-nerve prominent, acute or with scabrous mucro up to 0.2 mm. Utricles 3.1-3.9 x 0.9-1.3 mm, trigonous, fusiform, hispid along lateral nerves, stipe up to 0.3 mm, beak 1-1.2 mm, ostiole bifid or oblique, margins widely scarious. Stigmas to 6 mm. Nut 2-3 x 0.9-1.1 mm, incl. a 0.2-0.7 mm stipe and a 0.3-0.6 mm style base, trigonous, fusiform, light brown to brown, glossy, finely reticulate with papilla in each areole.
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