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Published In: Das Pflanzenreich IV. 20(Heft 38): 639. 1909. (18 May 1909) (Pflanzenr.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April.
Type: Type: Ceylon, Thwaites 3198 p.p. (K).
Habitat: Forested slopes.
Distribution: Distribution: Philippines, Java, Sumatra, Sri Lanka, C India, isolated in Kashmir (Poonch).
Map Location: C-7 Kashmir: Poonch, Nakial near Kotli, 6000 ft, Stewart 25803 (RAW; K); 5000 ft, Stewart 27360 (RAW, K).


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Caespitose perennial, 25-40 cm. Rhizome short, branching. Stem lateral, c. 0.8 mm diam., sharply trigonous, scabrous and finely papillose, sides concave above. Leaves of lateral, sterile shoots longer than stem; sheaths 10-40 mm, dark greyish brown, disintegrating into fibres, margin of scarious side concave; ligule c. 0.3 mm, scarious, ciliate, arch as high as wide; blades 3-4 mm wide, flat or slightly revolute, greyish brown, adaxial side scabrous and papillose, abaxial side smooth or slightly papillose, margins scabrous. Inflorescence of male spike and 1-2 female, sometimes gynobasic spikes below. Bracts green, lowest to longer than the inflorescence, sheath up to 7 mm. Male spike 15-25 x 1.5-2 mm, fusiform or club-shaped, glumes c. 4.2 x 1.2 mm, ovate to obovate, obtuse, yellowish brown, with narrow scarious margin. Female spikes 10-15 x 5-6 mm, rather lax, green, when 2 spikes, lower with peduncle to 90 mm; glumes 4-4.5 x 1.3-1.5 mm, ovate to triangular, midnerve green, sides light brown, barbed arista to 1.7 mm; utricles 6.1-6.5 x 2.2-2.4 mm, fusiform or ellipsoid, trigonous, tightly sheathing fruit, green, shiny, obscurely to clearly nerved, upper part somewhat puberulent, stipe to 0.5 mm, beak 1.5-1.6 mm, conical, bidentate, green, puberulent, margins smooth or scabrous. Stigmas 3. Nut c. 3.5 x 1.6-1.8 mm, ellipsoid to obovoid, trigonous, light-brown, obscurely reticulate and papillose; style base enlarged, constricted from nut, caducous.
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