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Published In: Annuaire du Conservatoire et du Jardin Botaniques de Genève 17: 382–383. 1914. (Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Type: Type: From cultivated plant, Clifford (BM)
Distribution: Distribution: Widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: In Africa a form of this species, with very large capsules (upto 15 cm long, 1.2 cm broad), is cultivated as vegetable. The other species G. speciosa DC., of Central & South America with glabrous plants and larger fls. and leaves, may be found cultivated as an ornamental in our gardens.
Illustration: Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. (Illustration)
Map Location: D-8 Lahore, Thomson s.n. (K); C-7 Rawalpindi, Fatehjang, Aitchison 329 (K); E-4 Bolan Pass, Griffith 1429 (K); B-7 Hazara Dist.. Hilkota, Saran range, Inayat s.n. (K); H. Deane s.n. (K). Attock near Fatehjang on road from Kohat to Rawalpindi, B. L. Burtt 1103 (E). G-4 Karachi Dist.: Clifton, sands near the beach, 18.4.56, Jafri 1537 (KUH) ; Drigh Rd. Jafri 2477 (E) ; Malir, Jafri s.n. (KUH) ; G-6 Tharparkar Dist.: Nagarparkar, near the pond, M. Qaiser et al 4086 (KUH) ; G-4 Dadu Dist.: Thana Bulla Khan, fls. pinkish, M. Qaiser & Abrar Hussain 567 and 568 (KUH).


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Herbs annual, erect or suberect, 10-50 (-90) cm tall, often glandular hairy. Leaves petiolate, 3-7-foliolate, very variable in size; leaflets obovate to elliptic, 1-5 (-6) cm long, 0.5-3 cm broad, usually acute or slightly acuminate, finely crenate to subentire; petiole (1-) 3-10 cm long. Inflorescence showy, up to 30 cm long, bracteate, bracts much smaller than the leaves. Flowers 1-2 cm across, mostly white or pinkish; pedicels generally 1-2 cm long. Sepals 4, ovate to lanceolate, 2-5 (-8) mm long, glandular. Petals 4, obovate and long clawed, 9-20 mm long, 4-10 mm broad. Androphore 15-25 mm long; stamens usually about 10, verti¬cellate, usually 10-15 mm long, subequal, spreading conspicuously from a long androphore (never like this in any Cleome species), filaments often pinkish or lilac. Gynophore 10-20 mm long, usually shorter in flowers but increasing in fruit. Style 1-2 mm long. Fruit capsular, (1.5-) 3-7 (-12) cm long, 0.2-0.5 (-0.8) cm broad, linear, narrowed towards both the ends, glandular-pubescent, finely and obliquely striated, many seeded. Seeds 1-1.8 mm in diam., finely longitudinally striated, with slightly cristate transverse ridges, dark-brown.
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