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Published In: Mantissa Plantarum 2: 562. 1771. (Mant. Pl.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Aug.-Oct.
Type: Type: E. India, cult. at Uppsala (LINN.).
Distribution: Distribution: Africa, Arabia, India, Ceylon, Afghanistan and W. Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A plant of dry sandy places. Very variable in form and size; plants found near water or cultivated places are larger and the flowers have longer pedicels, the filaments are with a broader base. The plant is medicinal and used as a purgative.
Photo: Gisekia pharnaceoides L. (Photo)
Map Location: C-7 Attock Dist.: Between Attock and Hasanabdal, Hattian, B.L. Burtt 1014 (E, PFI-B) ; Campbellpur Dist.: Campbellpur, M.A. Siddiqi and Y. Nasir 3451 (RAW) ; D-6 D.I. Khan Dist.: Pezu, F. Grohmann 6228 (RAW) ; Laki-Pezu rd., M.A. Siddiqi and Y. Nasir 3382 (RAW); D-6 Muzzafargarh Dist.; Leiah, M. Monsi 20 (RAW); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Shahdra, P.C. joshi s.n. Aug. 1939 (RAW); Khairpur Dist.: Takkar area, Nasa Tehsil, Wall Mohd s.n. 12.ix.64 (RAW, PFI-B); Baluchistan: S. Makran: G-2 5 miles from Pasni, on sand dune, S.I. Ali et al 731 (KUH); Sind: Karachi Dist.: G-4 Karachi University campus, S.M. Zaidi 101 (KUH); 27 miles from Manghopir, on way to Hub dam, Sultan-ul-Abedin 5154 (KUH) ; 16 miles from Uthal, on way to Karachi, M. Qaiser et al 705 (KUH); Hyderabad Dist.: near Thano Bulla Khan rest house, M. Qaiser et al 549 (KUH); 52 miles from Khushab, on way to Khazari, M. Qaiser 2590 (KUH); near Saran lake, Diplo, M. Qaiser et al 3746 (KUH).


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Plants 2.5-3.0 cm long. Roots slender. Leaves 0.8-4.0 cm long, linear lanceolate to spathulate, with raphides on the undersurface. Sepals ovate, c. 1.8 mm long, persistent, margin white. Stamens 5, alternating with the sepals, less than 1 mm long; filaments dilated at the base. Carpel c. 1 mm long; ovary sub-globose, styles 5, free, lateral. Fruit parts with wall more or less fimbriate and with raphides. Seeds c. 1 mm long, minutely punctate, shiny.
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