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Published In: Kew Bulletin 14: 238. 1960. (Kew Bull.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-August in the Punjab, later in Sind.
Type: Type: Arabia, cultivated at Uppsala from seed sent by Forskal (LINN, lecto.).
Distribution: Distribution: Africa, India, Iran and W. Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A desert species of the plains, especially common in Sind. Abundant after the rains and found up to 1600 m alt. s.m. Can be used for stomach complaints, snake bite and as a fodder for cattle.
Photo: Zaleya pentandra (L.) C. Jeffrey (Photo)
Map Location: B,C-7 Peshawar Dist.: Peshawar, S.A. Lodhi 162 (RAW); along canal bank, Charsadda, M.A. Ali 182 (PFI-B); C-7 Campbellpur Dist.: Hattian, between Attock and Hasanabdal, weed of sandy field, B.L. Burtt 1016 (PFI-B) ; Rawalpindi Dist.: Rawalpindi, 1800 ft., R.R. Stewart 7650 (RAW); Rewat, c. 1700 ft., M. Nath s.n. 25.iv.1939 (RAW); Islamabad, M.Qaiser 245 (KUH); Kallar Kahar, S.A. Faruqi and M. Qaiser 2793 (KUH); Rawal Dam, M.A. Siddiqi and E. Nasir 3119 (RAW); Hazara Dist.: Khanpur, R.R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); Jhelum Dist.: Jhelum, R.R. Stewart 455 (RAW); Mangla Colony, M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 7074 (RAW) ; Khewra, S.A. Khan s.n. 20.i.39 (RAW) ; Sakesar, A.Rehman s.n. 20.ix.50 (RAW); C-6 D.I. Khan Dist.: Tank, J. Williams 7145 (E) ; C-8 Sialkot Dist.: Sialkot, R.R. and I.D. Stewart 69 (RAW); D-6 Lyallpur Dist.: Sangla Hill, R.R. and I.D. Stewart 1412; 1476 (RAW) ; D.I. Khan Div.: Darazinda, Zam Tower, in Sand Y. Nasir 7219 (RAW); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Changa Manga, A.H. Khan s.n. 21.xii.51 (PFI-B); Kalashah Kakoo, A.R. Khan s.n. April 57 (PFI-B); Kot Mul Chand, B.R. Khosla s.n. 26.vi.43 (RAW); Lahore, R.R. Stewart s.n. 3.v.22 (RAW) ; Baluchistan : Quetta Dist.: D-4 Mach, S.M. Jafri 2859 (KUH) ; Piryaloi, S.M. ,jafri 1158 (KUH) ; S. Makran: G-4 Uthal to Bela, Rechinger 27460 (W); id., J. Lamond 279(E); 3 miles from Gwadur rest house, S.I. Ali et al 1156 (KUH); Bahawalpur Dist.: E-6 Rahimyar Khan, S.M. jafri s.n. 1955 (KUH) ; Sind : G-4 Karachi Dist.: Karachi University, M.H. Shahi, s.n. 6.i.64(KUH) ; Landhi, S. Hassan s.n. 1962 (KUH); Federal Colony, Karachi, T.R. Naqi s.n. 1.x.58 (KUH); Nazimabad, S.Naqvi s.n. 15.xii.1958 (KUH); P.E.C.H.S., Karachi, M.H. Shah. s.n. 18.vii.1963 (KUH); Karachi, M. Nath 15298 (KUH) ; Bihar colony along Lyari river, S.M. Jafri 867 (KUH) ; Malir, S.M. Jafri 841 (KUH); Manghopir, S.I. Ali et al 345 (KUH); Manora, M. Salim 3 (RAW); Clifton, A. Rehman 25212 (RAW); Hyderabad Dist:. G-5 Kotri station, A.H. Khan 56 (PFI-B) ; Jamshoro, M.A. Ali 606 (PFI-B) ; Katcho Khanot, A.R. Beg 117 (PFI-B) ; Gharo, S.I. Ali et al 201 (KUH) ; 50 miles from Chachro, Mirpurkhas, S.I. Ali et al 4529; 4532 (KUH); Kalri lake, Sultan-ul-Abedin 355 (KUH) ; Saran, Sultan-ul-Abedin 4346 (KUH) ; near Jhadyar, on way to Diplo, Tharparkar, M. Qaiser et al 3684 (KUH) ; c. 15 miles from Jamshoro, on way to Sehwan, S.A. Faruqi and M. Qaiser 2184 (KUH) ; G-6 between Chachro and Nagarparkar, M. Qaiser and A. Ghafoor 4167 (KUH); Nagarparkar, S.I.Ali et al 4475; 4501 (KUH).


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A diffuse prostrate perennial. Stem papillose to glabrous. Leaves 1.5-4.0 cm long, 0.6-2.7 cm broad, oblong to obovate, papillose; petiole 8-11 mm long, with a sheathing base. Flowers axillary, solitary or 2-5, sessile; bract solitary, ovate-lanceolate, c. 3 mm long; bracteoles 2-3, unequal, scarious. Calyx persistent, papillose, sepals oblong ovate, c. 2 mm long, margin white. Stamens 5, alternating with the sepals, filaments c. 2 mm long, dilated at the base. Ovary c. 2 mm long, ob-pyramidal, papillose; styles 2, c. 1-2 mm long, linear, slightly curved, persistent. Pyxidium 1.4—5mm long, 4-seeded, splitting longitudinally, lid mitreform, c. 2 mm broad, margin irregularly lobed; amphora 2 seeded. Seeds 1.5 mm long, black, rugose.
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