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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 219–220. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Ambrina ambrosioides Spach in Hist. Nat. Veg. 4: 297. 1836; Chenopodium integrifolium Vorosch., Bot. Zhurn. 27: 42. 1942; Chenopodium suffruticosum Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 290. 1809.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: April - January.
Type: Type: ‘Habitat in Mexico, Lusitania’, Herb. Linn. no. 313/13 (LINN!). Brenan in Milne-Redhead & Turrill, Fl. Trop. E Afr. Chenopodiaceae: 10.1954.
Habitat: Field margins, gardens, yards, roadsides, stream sides.- s.l. 1430 m.
Distribution: Distribution: Probably originating from tropical America. Earlier cultivated as medicinal plant and introduced in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, where it is commonly naturalized.
Map Location: B-6 Dir dist.: W Himalaya foothills, Lower Dir, Panjkora River, Akhgram, 880 m, 20.9.1995, B.Dickore 13405 (Hb.Dickore); B-7 Swat dist.: Near village Jaba-Salcesar Rail Road, 1.10.1988, A.Ghafoor & T.Ali 3802 (KUH); 8 miles from Shaglar on way to Kalam, 20.8.1972, M.Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 4673 (KUH); 32 miles from Muzaffarabad on way to Srinagar et Chinari, 27.9.1970, S.A.Farooqi & M.Qaiser 3010 (KUH); Hazara dist.: Togindarnagar, 1.9.1941, Mohindar Nath 4093 (G); Aman Kot Saidu Sharif, 26.7.1968, S.A.Farooqi 3 (KUH); Swat dist.: village Jahanan, near Buttkhela, 18.6.1970, M.Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 1694 (KUH); NWFP, c. 82 km from Naushera on way to Besham, 1430 m, 30.9.1989, S.I.Ali, W.Sugong,T.Ali & G.Ke 3131 (KUH); Near Tourist rest house, Muzaffarabad Dist.: 24.8.1986, M.Qaiser & Rizwan Yusuf Hashmi 7649 (KUH); C-6 Peshawar dist.: Peshawar-Gulozai, 15.7.1958, B.L.Burtt 1009 (E); May 1907, H.Deane (K); Peshawar university campus, Febr. 1968, Mehmood Akram 12 (H); Kohat: Hango, 6.8.1971, S.M.A.Kazmi & M.Salim 3254 (H); C-7 one mile from Choha Saidan Shah on way to Kalar Kahar, 16.8.1972, M.Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4578 (KUH); Commercial Centre Islamabad, 20.12.1969, M.Qaiser 294 (KUH); 3 miles from Islamabad on way to Pindi, 20.12.1969, M.Qaiser 296 (KUH); Rawalpindi, Rawal Pindi plants, Hussan, Oct. 1871, J.E.T.Aitchison 223 (K); Wah garden, 19.12.1969, M.Qaiser 268 (KUH); About 1 mile from Choha on way to Kalar Kahar, 24.9.1970, S.A.Farooqi & M.Qaiser 2835 (KUH); Chattar, Near Murree, 3000 ft., 15.8.1969, S.A.Farooqi (KUH); Murree, 9.10.1953, s.coll. (KUH); Punjab, Between Chakrala and Gondal on Shahpur-Sahiwal Road, Sargodha, 2.10.1988, A.Ghafoor & T.Ali 3853 (KUH); c. 7-8 km from Sakesar Base, Sargodha Dist. 8.9.1989, T.Ali & Tufail Ahmed 1768 (KUH); Jhelum, 1000 ft., 14.12.1916, R.R.Stewart 513 (RAW 4819); D-7 Lyallpur-Amritsar Rd., 23.12.1969, M.Qaiser 310 (KUH); B-8 4 miles from Pattoki on way to Multan, 7.10.1970, M.Qaiser 3570 (KUH); Lahore dist.: Forest Rest House, Changa Manga, 8.7.1971, S.Abedin 7524 (KUH); Niaz Beg Lahore, S.Abedin 2432 (KUH); Lahore campus of F.C.College, 380 m, 7.7.1972, P.Uotila 18355 (H); G-4 Karachi dist.: Students Hostel, Karachi University campus, 12.4.1968, Abrar Hussain (KUH).


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Strongly aromatic, annual to short-lived perennial, variously pubescent especially on stem, and with sessile yellow glands especially on lower leaf surfaces. Stem to 80(-120) cm, ± erect, branches long, ascending. Leaves with 1 cm long petiole; blade 5-10 cm, lanceolate to elliptic, irregularly coarsely serrate, sometimes shallowly sinuate to almost entire, attenuate at base, acute to obtuse at apex; bracts entire, linear - lanceolate - narrowly obovate, uppermost very small. Inflorescence paniculate, flowers sessile in small, dense glomerules usually subtended by bracts and arranged spicately. Terminal flowers bisexual, perianth deeply 5-lobed, lobes cucullate, stamens usually 5; lateral flowers female, perianth connate, 5-toothed; teeth roundish on back; perianth herbacous, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Stigmas usually 3-4, long, slender. Fruits falling with perianth. Pericarp free. Seeds mostly horizontal, sometimes oblique or vertical, brown, 0.6-0.8 mm in diameter, somewhat ovate to circular in outline, margin obtuse; testa almost smooth, sometimes with obscure shallow pits.
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