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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/18/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 12/18/2012)
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 1: 176. 175 3
Synonym Conocarpus procumbens L. loc. cit. 177. 1753. Conocartus supinus Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1:355. 1766. Conocarpus acutifolius Humb. & Bonpl. ex Roem. & Schult. in L. Syst. Veg. 5:574. 1819. Conocarpus erectus var. arboreus et procumbens DC. Prodr. 3:16. 1828. Conocarpus pubescens Schumach. in Kongel. Dansk. Vid. Selsk. Naturvid. & Math. Afh. 3:135. 1828. Terminalia erecta (L.) Baill. Hist. P1. 6:266, 275. fig. 240. 1877.
Note This has been placed under var. erectus for nomenclatural reasons, not with any intention of considering that the erect form differs from the prostrate form but because var. sericeus (not occurring in Panama) may be a distinct taxon.
Description Small tree up to about 8 m. high, sometimes sprawling or procumbent, with stilt-roots and flattened, slightly winged branchlets, usually appressed-pubescent at first, soon glabrescent. Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate or subsessile, petiole up to 4 mm. long, pubescent or glabrous with two prominent glands near the apex or at the base of the lamina, papyraceous, chartaceous or subcoriaceous, somewhat fleshy, lamina narrowly elliptic, up to 11 X 3.5 cm., often much smaller, usually glabrous, rarely very sparsely pubescent, acute and slightly acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base and often decurrent into the petiole; midrib fairly prominent on the under surface, lateral nerves and reticulation rather inconspicuous. Flowers greenish-white, in the axils of small ovate or lanceolate ciliate bracts, aggregated in subglobose capitula, 3-5 mm. in diam., with sericeous peduncles 5-15 mm. long, forming a terminal panicle and capitula also sometimes solitary in the axils of the upper leaves. Lower receptacle (ovary) 1 mm. long, sericeous; upper receptacle (calyx) cupuliform, 1 X 1.5 mm., nearly glabrous, with lobes 0.5 mm. long. Stamens normally 10, biseriate, filaments 1.5-2 mm. long, anthers 0.5 mm. long. Disk pilose. Style 2 mm. long. Fruits squamiform, 3 X 3-3.5 mm., somewhat sericeous, recurved at the apex and often bearing the remains of the calyx, imbri- cated in a subglobose or cone-shaped structure, 1-1.5 X 0.7-1.3 cm.
Habit tree
Distribution Tropical and subtropical America and Africa.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Isla Colon, Von Wedel 500; Old Bank Island, Von Wedel 2037; Careening Cay, Chiriqui Lagoon, Von 1'edel 28I3. CANAL ZONE: without precise local- ity, Allen I725. CHIRIQUI: San Bartolome, Peninsula de Burica, 0.5 m., Woodson e Schery 938. PANAMA: salt-marshes, Barclay 25I2; Perlas Archipelago, San Jose Island, Johnston 339; vicinity of Bejuco, edge of mangrove-swamp, Woodson, Allen & Seibert 1683.
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