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Published In: Flora Taurico-Caucasica 2: 388. 1808. (Fl. Taur.-Caucas.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: C. aitchisoni Boeck. in Flora 63: 456. 1880.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-August.
Type: Holotype: Habitat in [Caucasus] Iberiae, graminosis, D[edit] Steven, (LE!) isotype (H!).
Habitat: Moist meadows, by rivers, streams and irrigation channels; on mountain slopes to 3500 m.
Distribution: Distribution: From Central and southern Russia, Turkey and Iraq to Pakistan and Kashmir, East Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia; also in Kopet-Dagh and Pamiro-Alai; Koyama (in Hara & al., Enum. flow. pl. Nepal 1: 96-120. 1978) reports it from Central Nepal.
Map Location: A-8 Hunza, Chalt, Stewart 26937 (K); 2000 m, Paffen 23 (M); Chalt-Chaprot, 2080-2120 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Schaffner 120.06.16; 121.10; N Chaprot, 2380 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Schaffner 77.08; Pisan, 2230-2250 m, Gartner s.n. (GZU); Khaibar by Hunza River, 3020 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Schaffner 027.19 (H); Minapin Glacier, Lloyd & Megan 27 (BM, E). B-6 Chitral: Chitral village, 5500', Stainton 2535 (RAW); B-7 Baltistan, Sailing, Khaplu, 8000 ft, Nasir & Webster 6289 (RAW); B-9 Baltistan, Shigar, 8000 ft, Clarke 20543 (RAW). B-8 Gilgit: 1450 m, Polunin 6021 (E, BM); Gilgit, near aerodrome, 5000', Stewart 26936 (K, RAW); Kashmir: Skardu, 8000 ft, Nasir & Webster 5746 p.p. (RAW); 6586 (RAW); C-6 Kurram: "Shálizán", "Sergal" and "Biánkhél", 6000 - 8000 ft, Aitchison 313 (K); 313bis (K); 508 (K); 535 (BM). D-4 Quetta: Quetta, Siddiqi & Nasir 3492 (RAW); Schmid 1611 (RAW); Stocks s.n.; 5600 ft, Lace 3560 (E); E-4 Kalat: 54 km Kalat, Johan, Ghafoor & Goodman 5215 (E).


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Tufted perennial, 20-60 cm. Rhizome short. Stem c. 1 mm in diam., obtusely trigonous, smooth. Leaves from 1/2 to nearly equalling stem lentgh; sheaths 10-50 mm, grey-brown, red-brown punctate between veins; ligule c. 0.3 mm, scarious; blades 3-5 mm wide, flat, soft, upper surface smooth, lower scabrid along slightly recurved margins and along veins esp. towards apex. Inflorescence of 1 male spike, occasionally gynecandrous, and 2-6 female spikes below, upper often imbricate. Bracts from shorter than to overtopping inflorescence, with sheaths to 30 mm. Male spike (5-)10-25 x 2-3 mm, cylindrical to club-shaped, pale brown; male glumes c. 5 x 1 mm, obtuse, scarious. Female spikes 5-25 x 4-6 mm, from erect to slightly drooping, lower with peduncles to 35 mm; female glumes 2-3 x 1-1.2 mm, ovate, acute to truncate with green, barbed arista to 0.5 mm, margins brown scarious; utricles 2.8-3.5 x 1-1.5 mm, green, frequently red-brown punctate between conspicuous veins, beak 0.5-0.8 mm, cylindrical, smooth or veins somewhat barbed, ostiole from obscurely to clearly bidentate, ciliate. Stigmas 3. Nut 2-2.3 x 1-1.3 mm, often with c. 0.2 mm style base and a short stipe, triangular, brown.
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