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Published In: Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 1: 254. 1845. (Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: C. satakeana T. Koyama in Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 15: 113. 1954; C. pakistanica T. Koyama, l.c. 17: 100. 1958.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May – September.
Type: Type: In India orientalis, Royle s.n. (K!).
Habitat: Moist, marshy meadows along streams and lake shores, also along irrigation channels. Common to 4300 m (Stewart 1972).
Distribution: Distribution: From C, E and NE Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir eastwards to Nepal and most of Central Asian mountains.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral: Chatiboi glacier, 3450 m, Stamm & Wöhrl 101 (W); Mastuj, 7500 ft, Stainton 2482 (RAW); Chumarkhan Pass, 13000 ft, Stainton 2921 (RAW); Naltar Lakes, 12000 ft, Stewart 26925 (K, RAW); Rangdum, Osmaston 25 (K); Agram, Arkari Gol, 10500 ft, Stainton 2643 (BM, RAW); B-6 Yarkhun valley, Bridge between Rawark and Turi Kend, 3000 m, Stamm & Wöhrl 213 (W); B-7 Babusar Pass, 4000-4200 m, Miehe 576 (H); B-8 Nubra Valley, Thomson s.n. (K); Dras, Mitsahoi – Matayan, Stewart 10013 (K); Rama Valley, SW Astor, Lankester & Pearson 1493 (BM); B-8/9 Kashmir: Deosai, Nasir & Webster 6541 (RAW); Deosai Plateau, 3800-3900 m, Miehe 2225 (H); Deosai, Clarke 29825; 3900 m, Meinertzhagen s.n. (BM); B-9 Deosai – Das Kirim, Winterbottom 511 (807) (K); Burzil, Suti Suce – Das Kirim, Strachey & Winterbottom 662 (K); 675 (K); Shingo Valley, near Gulteri, 10000-11000 ft, Stewart 22228 (K, RAW); Karakorum, near Askole, Clarke 30342; Sassir Pass, 5120 m, Meinertzhagen s.n. (BM); Leh, Keanoots in Rondu, Winterbottom 511 (894) (K); Fotu Pass, Osmaston 22 (K); Upper Shyok, Sassir – Murgai, Thomson s.n. (K); Gilgit:Diwangal-Ghizar, Ogino 283 (KYO).


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Tufted perennial, 10-60 cm. Rhizome with short stolons. Stem sharply trigonous, edges very scabrous, grey-green, papillose. Leaves c. 1/2 of stem length; sheaths 15-40 mm, from yellowish brown to dark brown, finally fibrous, margin of scarious side concave; ligule c. 0.3 mm, arch twice as high as wide; blades (2-)3-5(-7) mm wide, flat, margins recurved, margins and main nerves on upper side scabrous. Inflorescence of 1(-2) male and 2-4 female spikes, usually overlapping, upper sometimes androgynous, lower occasionally short-pedunculate and drooping. Bracts to as long as their spike, sheath-less, with stipule-like basal brown to black appendages. Male spike 15-30 mm, narrowly ellipsoid or club-shaped; male glumes 3.2-4.7 x 0.8-1 mm, spathulate, apex rounded, brown to dark brown. Female spikes 10-25 x 3-5 mm, ellipsoid or cylindrical; female glumes (1.6-)2-3 x 0.6-1.1 mm, triangular, mid-nerve not reaching rounded apex, mostly from dark to black-brown; utricles 2-2.8 x 1.6-2.3 mm, almost globular or ellipsoid, bi-convex or plano-convex, slightly inflated, nerveless to faintly nerved, green to almost black, glossy, papillose, smooth, beak 0-0.2 mm, ostiole round, margins papillose or ciliate. Nut 1.7-2 x 1.2-1.5 mm, incl. style base up to 0.3 mm, ellipsoid to obovoid, bi-convex, brown, finely reticulate.
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