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Published In: Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody, Otdel Biologicheskii 15: 525. 1842. (Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir. Otd. Biol.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: C. songarica Schrank in Bull. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 19, 23: 355. July 1842; C. heterostachya auct. non Bunge, Kük., in Pflanzenr. IV.20, 38: 74. 1909 p.p.; C. elbursensis Gilli in Feddes Repert. 43: 296. 1938.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April - July.
Type: Type: Kazakhstan: In herbosis insularum fl. Lepsa, 1841, Karelin & Kirilow 2086 (LE!).
Habitat: Moist alluvial meadows, lake shores, along rivers, irrigation channels and ditches; 400-3000 m.
Distribution: Distribution: Caucasus, Iran, Turkestan, Afghanistan, Pamir, Pakistan and Kashmir, towards NE until NW Mongolia.
Map Location: A-7 Baroghil Pass, 12000 ft, Stainton 3025 (RAW); B-6 Chitral: Yarkhun valley, Bridge between Rawark and Turi Kend, 3000 m, Bowes Lyon 960; Stamm & Wöhrl 215 (W); B-8 Kashmir: Baltistan, Biafo, Paiju, 3480 m, Hartmann 284 (RAW,Z); 285; Gurez – Burzil, 8000-9000 ft, Clarke 29484; 29605 (BM, K); Dras Valley, below Matyan 10000-11000 ft, Duthie 13702 (BM, K); B-9 Suru, Paskyum, Osmaston 19 (K). C-6 Kurram: Biankhel, Aitchison 602 (K).


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Tufted perennial, 25-60 cm. Stolons long-creeping, internodes 10-35 mm, yellowish scales disintegrating into fibres. Stem trigonous, scabrous or smooth. Leaves equalling or overtopping stem; sheaths 25-70 mm, dark greyish brown, soft, margin of scarious side slightly concave or straight, frequently ciliate; ligule up to 0.7 mm, white or brownish or purplish, frequently ciliate; blades 1.5-3.5 mm wide, flat or carinate, long-attenuate, greyish green, margins and upper surface scabrous. Inflorescence of 1-3 male spikes above, close together, 1-3 female spikes below, remote, sessile or subsessile, occasionally slightly drooping. Bracts sheath-less or sub-vaginate, lowest usually overtopping inflorescence. Male spikes, terminal 15-35 x 2-5 mm, lateral 7-20 mm, brown; male glumes 3.7-5.8 x 1-1.6 mm, obovate, apex usually obtuse and scarious, sometimes acute and brown. Female spikes 15-38 x 5-6 mm, cylindrical, brown, lowest occasionally pedunculate; female glumes 2.5-4.2 x 1-1.7 mm, incl. barbed arista to 1.3 mm, triangular, brown or frequently red-brown with scarious margins; utricles 3-4 x 1.4-1.7 mm, ellipsoid, inflated, suberous, obscurely to clearly nerved, nerves not in grooves, yellowish to red-brown, glossy, beak 0.5-0.8 mm, smooth, bidentate, ostiole wide. Stigmas 3. Fruit 1.8-2 x 1.1-1.4 mm, including occasionally up to 0.3 mm style base, ellipsoid, trigonous, yellow-brown, finely reticulate with papilla in each areole.
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