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Published In: Contributions to the Botany of India 127. 1834. (Contr. Bot. India) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-August.
Type: Type: India, Uttar Pradesh, "Mussoorie & neighbouring mountains", Royle 146 (K!).
Habitat: In woods, e.g. under Quercus baloot or Cedrus deodara, on dry, stony ground.
Distribution: Distribution: From Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir to India (Uttar Pradesh).
Comment/Acknowledgements: According to the information on the label the type specimen, Royle 146, was collected in "Mussoorie", i.e. in Uttar Pradesh. Koyama (in Hara & al., Enum. Flow. Pl. Nepal 1: 96-120, 1978) does not list this species. Report from China (Kükenthal 1909) needs confirmation.
Map Location: A-8 Baghrot Valley, 3690 m, Miehe 3858 p.p. (H); B-7 Swat: Mian adam forest, Khan 443 (PPFI); Hazara: Kagan Valley, near Paras, 4000 ft, Moore & McVean s.n. (RAW); Upper Kaghan Valley, around Saiful Muluk and Battakundi, 3500-3600 m, Miehe 60 (H; infected by Anthracoidea); Kaghan Valley, Above Saiful Muluk-Lake, ENE, 3670 m, Schickhoff 627 (H); Kaghan Valley, Above Naddi RH, 2430 m, Schickhoff 199B (H); Kaghan Valley, Above Shogran, 2310 m, Schickhoff 1465 (H); Kaghan Valley, Above Malkandi, 1440 m, Schickhoff 199 (H); B-8 Gilgit: Gilgit, Giles 112; Shinghai Gah to Pahot Gali, 3200 m, Miehe 1531 (H); C-6 Khyber: Tirah, Landi, Khan 416 (PPFI). C-8 Kashmir: Poonch, above Dhuli, 5000 ft, Stewart & Nasir 23745 (RAW); Taulipur, Rashid & Stewart 25630 (BM); E-4 Sibi: Ziarat, 8000 ft, Lace 3357 (E).


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Tufted perennial, 20-40 cm. Rhizome robust, ascending, covered by brown remains of leaf bases. Stem obtusely to acutely trigonous, smooth or scabrous along edges. Leaves equalling or overtopping stem in length; sheaths 20-40 mm, grey-brown, disintegrating into fibres; ligule 0.2-0.3 mm; blades 1-2.5 mm wide, flat, long-attenuate, grey-green, upper side and margins scabrous. Inflorescence of 1 male and 1-2 female spikes below. Bracts as long as their spikes, lowest with sheath to 25 mm. Male spikes 15-30 mm, cylindrical to narrowly ellipsoid, pale to dark brown; male glumes 4-5 mm, apex rounded to truncate, with barbed arista, margins mostly scarious. Female spikes 10-20 mm, cylindrical, erect, peduncle to 20 mm; female glumes 5-6 x c. 2.5 mm, truncate, pale to reddish brown, margins widely scarious, arista 1-1.5 mm, barbed; utricles 3-4.3 x c. 1.5 mm, obovoid, grey-green to brownish, hispid, base contracted to conspicuous, soft stipe, beak c. 0.3 mm, cylindrical, emarginate, hispid, often bright red. Stigmas 3. Nut c. 2.5 x 1.5 mm, including c. 0.2 mm style base and 0.5 mm stipe, obovoid, triangular, tightly filling utricle, yellow-green to light brown.
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