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Published In: Contributions to the Botany of India 128. 1834. (Contr. Bot. India) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-August.
Type: Type: India, Uttar Pradesh, Kumaon, Wallich 3389 (K!).
Habitat: Alpine meadows, 3000-4000 m.
Distribution: Distribution: Himalayas from Pakistan to Sikkim.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Species is variable and treated here collectively.
Map Location: A-7 Burzil, Clarke 29616 (K); Burzil Pass, N slope, Stewart & Nasir 22003 (RAW); Gilgit Road, Burzil Chawki, Stewart 19788 (RAW); B-6 Chitral: Lowarai Pass, 2900 m, Harriss 16736 (BM); B-7 Hazara: Kagan Valley, Naran, 7800 ft, Burtt 885 (E); Kashmir: Kishenganga, 15000 ft, Strachey & Winterbottom 601 (K); Kishenganga Valley, Kirim to Sardar Kothi, 8000-9000 ft, Stewart 22003 (RAW); B-8 Apharwat, 13300 ft, Polunin 16/198 (E); Astor, Das Kirim to Sardar, Stewart 22003 (K, RAW); Sind Valley, Zoji Pass, Gumbar, Jacquemont 988 (K); Sonamarg, Stewart 9774 (K); Khillanmarg, Stewart 8594A (K); Liddar Valley, Drummond 14157 (K); Nubra, Sassir Pass, 5360 m, Meinertzhagen s.n. (BM). Ascent Deosai Pass from Burzil Pass, Stewart & Nasir 22188 (K, RAW); C-8 Baltal, 10000-11000 ft, Duthie 11622 (K).


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Perennial, 30-100 cm. Rhizome covered by grey-brown, finally fibrose scales. Stem erect or base ascending, obtusely or sharply trigonous, finely papillose. Leaves less than 1/2 of stem length; sheaths 30-80 mm, yellowish to grey-brown, margin of scarious side concave; ligule l-1.5 mm, arch twice as high as wide; blades 4-12.5 mm wide, abruptly pointed, flat, soft, apex slightly scabrious. Inflorescence of 1-2 male or gynecandrous spikes above and 2-4 female, nodding or drooping spikes below, overlapping or lowest remote, long-pedunculate, peduncle often rebranching. Bracts up to equalling inflorescence, sheaths to 40 mm. Male spikes 15-25 mm, from fusiform to slightly clavate, black-brown to brown; male glumes 4.4-4.6 x 0.8-1.1 mm, ovate to obovate, acute or with mucro up to 0.2 mm, brown, margins narrowly scarious. Female spikes 12-45 x 5-10 mm, cylindrical or ellipsoid, almost black, peduncles up to 90 mm; female glumes 3.8-6 mm, ovate or elliptic, acute or with barbed arista up to 3 mm, black-brown, margins narrowly scarious; utricles 5-6 x 1.5-1.7 mm, narrowly ellipsoid, smooth or papillose, black-brown, beak 1-1.5 mm, cylindrical, ostiole oblique, margins widely scarious. Stigmas 3. Nut 1.4-2.2 x 0.8-0.9 mm, including persistent style base and stipe, ellipsoid or fusiform, trigonous, light-brown to grey-brown, finely reticulate with papilla in each areole.
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