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Published In: Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 14(2): 327. 1824. (Nov. 1824) (Trans. Linn. Soc. London) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: C. muricata L. var. foliosa (D. Don) C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 703. 1894. C. muricata L. var. indica Boott, Ill. Genus Carex 4: 193. 1867; Boott, l.c. 1: Tab. 3. 1858.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-July.
Type: Type: Protologue cites single specimen from Nepal, Wallich s.n. [3387] (K).
Habitat: Grassy patches in forested slopes.
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, eastwards to Assam; in S. India, Nilgiri Mountains (C.B.Clarke, l.c. 1898).
Map Location: B-7 Abbottabad, 5000 ft, Stewart 10785 (RAW); Akhtar s.n. (PPFI); Burtt s.n. (E). Hazara: Miranjani, 9000 ft, Stewart 2855 (RAW); C-7 Murree Hills, Burbhan, 6500 ft, Stewart 23379 (RAW); C-8 Poonch, Kuthnar, 10000 ft, Rashid, Nasir & Stewart 23889 (RAW); Patni Top, on road Jammu to Srinagar, 2200 m, Kukkonen 7024 (H); Poonch, Trarkhel, Stewart 25626 (K); Poonch, near Aliabad, 7000-8000 ft, Stewart & Nasir 23870 (RAW).


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Caespitose perennial, 25-100 cm. Rhizome short, knotty, with short internodes, covered with grey-brown, fibrous scale remains. Stem trigonous, leafy, grooved, scabrous above. Leaves flexuous, shorter than stem; sheaths 50-60 mm, outermost greyish brown, soon fibrous, margin of scarious side straight; ligule up to 0.5 mm, scarious; blades 3-4 mm wide, flat or margins slightly revolute, upper surface papillose towards margins, margin and midnerve below scabrous towards apex. Inflorescence of 6-12 androgynous spikes, or branches up to 15 mm, with 4-5 spikes, all except few lowest spikes overlapping. Bracts inconspicuous, foliose, mostly shorter than their spikes, amplexicaul. Spikes c. 5 x 5 mm, globose or slightly elongate; female glumes 2.2-3.7 x 1.3-1.5 mm, triangular to ovate, scarious with green or yellowish mid-nerve extending into barbed arista to 1.3 mm; utricles 2.7-3.3 x 1-1.4 mm, plano-convex, fusiform or ellipsoid, tightly clasping nut, thin, green, nerveless, but the two lateral nerves scabrous at least in upper part, beak 0.9-1.4 mm, widely conical, with pronounced scabrous margin, bidentate. Nut 1.5-2 x c. 1.1 mm, ovoid to obovoid, lenticular, brown, finely reticulate.
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