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Published In: Contributions to the Botany of India 125. 1834. (Contr. Bot. India) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: C. alexeenkoana Litw. in Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 7: 98. 1909.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: August.
Type: Type: Nepal, Royle 116 (LIV).
Habitat: Alpine meadows from 3000 to 5000 m.
Distribution: Distribution: From Dzchungarskiy Alatau and Tian Shan to Hindukush, NE Afghanistan, Karakoram and W Himalayas.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The above description is partly based on material from Nubra by Thomson. The specimen is illustrated, as C. macrogyna Turcz. ex Steud., by Boott, l.c.: tab. 22. It was identified as C. haematostoma by C.B.Clarke (1894). Kükenthal l.c.: 561(1909) assigns the specimen to C. haematostoma var. submacrogyna Kük. Acc. to Egorova l.c. (1967) area of C. macrogyna Turcz. extends from Far East only to the Tian Shan Mts. The utricles in specimens from both Tadjikistan, Gilgit and Kashmir are often infected by Anthracoidea smut species.
Map Location: A-7 Gilgit: Naltar Lakes, 12000’, Stewart 26934 (RAW); A-8 Khunjerab Pass, 4150-4350 m, Miehe 2542 (H); Khaibar, upper Hunza, 4000 m, Miehe 2610 (H); Baghrot Valley, 3690 m, Miehe 3858 p.p. (H); 3700 m, Miehe 4570 (H); 3850 m, Miehe 3768; 3920 m, Miehe 4252 (H); Hunza Valley, NW Khaibar, 3300 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Shaffner 802.19 (H); 3920 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Schaffner 029.28; S Hunza Valley, ES Morkhoon (Morkhun), 4050 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Schaffner 102.01 (H); N Hunza Valley, N Chaqroot, 3600-4400 m, Bosshard, Klötzli & Schaffner 728.55 (H); 4 mi NW Hispar, 13000 ft, Polunin 6331 (E); B-8 Ishkaman Pass, 13-14000 ft, Schmid 234a (RAW); Shinghai Gah to Pahot Gali, 3610 m, Miehe 841 (H); Hindukush, Upper Ishkuman, Upper Baru Gah, 3850 m, Miehe 6854 (H); Above Skardo, 10000 ft, Koelz 9631 (RAW); Nubra, 15-17000 fts, Thomson s.n. (K); Kashmir: Shengo Valley, below Deosai Plains, 10000 ft, Stewart & Nasir 22225 (RAW); B-9 Baltistan, Ghondokoro glacier, 12000’, Nasir & Webster 6004 (RAW); S Pamir Pass, near Shuwart, 4560 m, Miehe 6134 (H); W Ganto La, 3300 m, Miehe 4661 (H); 3000-3200 m, Miehe 4734 (H); ?Upper Gez Gorge, 3500 m, Miehe 5313 (H); 5323 (H); 5330 (H).

 

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Perennial, 30-45 cm. Rhizome short, with short ascending stolons. Stem trigonous, smooth. Leaves up to 1/2 of stem length; sheaths 25-40 mm, yellowish to grey-brown, disintegrating into fibres, scarious side scabrous along veins, margin concave; ligule c. 0.2 mm, scarious; blades 1.5-3 mm wide, folded, keeled, smooth or towards apex scabrous along margins and mid-nerve. Inflorescence of 1 male or androgynous and 3-5 female spikes, overlapping or lower remote. Bracts shorter than inflorescence, lowest with sheath to 15 mm. Female spikes 7-25 x 3-5 mm, frequently androgynous, cylindrical, sessile or peduncle c. 20 mm; female glumes 3.8-4.5 x 1.8-2 mm, obovate, obtuse, brown or dark brown, margins widely scarious; utricles 5.2 x 1.7-1.9 mm, ovoid, plano-convex, narrowly winged, upper part barbed, yellow or red brown, stipe 0.3-0.7 mm, beak 0.4-0.5 mm, cylindrical, ostiole with wide scarious margin. Stigmas 3. Nut 3.2 x 1.3 mm, including a persistent c. 0.4 mm style base and c. 0.5 mm stipe, ellipsoid or fusiform, trigonous, yellowish, finely reticulate with papilla in each areole.
 
 
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