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Entosthodon Schwägr. Search in The Plant ListSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum, Supplementum Secundum 1: 44. 1823. (Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2) Name publication detail
 

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Acceptance : Accepted
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Notes     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
general taxon notes:
There are some 150 names that were once placed in Entosthodon, but most of them are now treated under Funaria Hedw. Entosthodon is close to Funaria, and perhaps is no more than a Funaria with erect, symmetric capsules with a more reduced peristome. Lindberg (1879) treated Entosthodon as a subgenus of Funaria. More recently, Entosthodon has been treated as an independent genus from Funaria by numerous bryologists (Crum & Anderson 1981; Fife 1985, 1987; Fife & Seppelt 2001; Gangulee 1974; Ochi 1968). The distinction in capsules and peristomes between Entosthodon and Funaria is sufficient enough to separate them, and Entosthodon is here recognized as a genus. Three species, E. buseanus Dozy & Molk., E. pallescens Jur., and E. wichurae Fleisch. were reported from China (Redfearn et al. 1996). Entosthodon pallescens was recorded by P.-C. Chen et al. (1963) from northern China based on a misidentification. We have confirmed these misidentified specimens to be E. buseanus Dozy & Molk. Entosthodon gracilis Hook. f. & Wils., formerly placed under Funaria, is now recognized. In the present study, we accepted three species of Entosthodon in China.
 

 

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2. Entosthodon Schwaegr.   梨蒴藓属   li-shuo xian shu
Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1, 2(1): 44. 1823. Physcomitrium sect. Entosthodon (Schwaegr.) C. Müll., Linnaea 18: 696. 1845. Funaria subgen. Entosthodon (Schwaegr.) Lindb., Musci Scand. 18. 1879. Funaria sect. Entosthodon (Schwaegr.) Braith., Brit. Moss Fl. 2: 130. 1890.
 
Plants small to medium-sized, yellowish green, in loose tufts. Stems erect, simple, rosulate, with numerous rhizoids at base. Leaves often crowded at stem tips, flexuous when dry, erect-spreading when moist, oblong-ovate to obovate or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, sometimes piliferous at apex; margins entire below, serrulate above; costa usually ending below leaf apex, sometimes percurrent; upper and median leaf cells irregularly rhomboidal or hexagonal; basal cells laxly rectangular or narrowly rectangular; marginal cells narrowly rectangular or linear, slightly yellowish, forming a differentiated border. Autoicous, sometimes polygamous. Setae elongate, slender, yellowish; capsules erect, symmetric, narrowly pyriform, with a distinct neck; opercula convex-conic, nearly flat, sometimes with a small apicula; annuli none; peristome teeth single, reduced or absent. Calyptrae inflated-cucullate. Spores spherical to reniform, nearly smooth or reticulate.
 
 

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1. Leaf margins entire throughout; costa percurrent or ending just a few cells below leaf apex; annuli present; peristome appearing to be single.......................................................2. E. gracilis
1. Leaf margins crenulate or dentate in the upper part; costa ending distinctly below leaf apex; annuli none; peristome absent.................................................................2
2. Leaf apices acuminate, ending in an arista; margins crenulate in the upper part, not or slightly bordered; apophysis elongate, about as long as urns.........................................1. E. buseanus
2. Leaf apices acute to shortly apiculate; margins often dentate in the upper part, more distinctly bordered; apophysis shorter than urns..........................................................3. E. wichurae
 
 
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