Home Moss Flora of China
Name Search
About
Moss Checklist
Moss Flora
Guide to Authors
Participants
Glossary
!Distichium capillaceum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Publicado en: Bryologia Europaea 2: 156 (fasc. 29–31. Monogr. 4). 1846. (Bryol. Eur.) Name publication detail
 

Datos del Proyecto Nombre (Last Modified On 3/5/2009)
Aceptación : Accepted
Datos del Proyecto     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Related Objects:

Click here for distribution map.

Illustrations: C. Gao 1994 (Pl. 40, figs. 1–10).
Mapa: Distichium capillaceum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. (Distribution in China)

Distribución     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Distribución:

 

Habitat: on calcareous soil or rocks, or on humic and sandy soil.
Distribution: nearly worldwide.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:

 

Chinese specimens examined: Gansu: Baiyangshu, J.-M. Liu 10436 (IFSBH); Qilian Shan (Mt.), Z.-X. Tan 1982.6 (IFSBH); Yu-zhong Co., Huanghe Team 3147 (IFSBH). Hebei: Wei-xian Co., C. Gao 30657 (IFSBH). Heilongjiang: Wudalianchi, C. Gao et al. 13362 (IFSBH). Jilin: Changbai Shan (Mt.), C. Gao 22278 (IFSBH). Nei Mongol: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 12919 (IFSBH). Qinghai: Xing-hai Co., F.-G. Lu 040 (PE). Shaanxi: Hua Shan (Mt.), P.-C. Chen 711 (IFSBH); Taibai Shan (Mt.), S.-E. Liu 1264 (IFSBH), Z.-P. Wei 6253 (IFSBH), M.-X. Zhang 98 (IFSBH). Shanxi: Guandi Shan (Mt.), Y.-H. Lin 82-7-3 (IFSBH); Ning-wu Co., C. Gao 30898 (IFSBH). Sichuan: Ba-tang Co., S. He 31432 (MO, PE); Dao-cheng Co., S. He 31663, 31831 (MO, PE); Ruo-er-gai Co., S. He 30674 (MO, PE). Xinjiang: Tian Shan (Mt.), C.-F. Zhao 2305 (IFSBH). Xizang: Bo-mi Co., Y.-G. Su 848a (KUN); Chang-du Pref., M. Zang 5307a (KUN); Cuo-na Co., M. Zang 1658 (IFSBH, KUN); Ji-long Co., S.-K. Chen 229 (KUN); Lin-zhi Co., M.-Z. Zhang 0003 (KUN); Mi-lin Co., Y.-G. Su 5095 (KUN); Mo-tuo Co., Y.-G. Su 893a (KUN); Nielamu, S.-K. Chen 92, 94 (IFSBH, KUN); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang 792 (IFSBH, KUN). Yunnan: Baimaxie Shan (Mt.), X.-J. Li 81-2004 (KUN); De-qin Co., M. Zang 7834 (KUN); Kunming City, L.-S. Wang 81-8524 (KUN); Li-jiang Co., W.-X. Xu 0493 (KUN); Zhong-dian Co., Y.-K. Yang 021 (KUN).

 

Export To PDF Export To Word

 

3. Distichium capillaceum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.  对叶藓  dui-ye xian
Bryol. Eur. 2: 156 (fasc. 29–30. Monogr. 4). 1846. Cynontodium capillaceum Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 57. 1801. Syntypes. Germany, Sweden.
? Distichium brevifolium C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 3: 91. 1896. Syn. nov. Type. China: Xizang (Tibet), J. Thomson 32 (holotype B, probably destroyed).
Distichium papillosum C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 3: 90. 1896. Type. China: Shaanxi (Schen-si), Kuan-tou Shan (Mt.), J. Giraldi s.n. (syntype B); Taibai (Thae-pei) Shan (Mt.), J. Giraldi s.n., Aug. 1894 (syntype B); Gansu (Kansu), Rdonsug, Potanin s.n. 1886 (syntype B).
? Distichium trachyphyllum C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 3: 90. 1896. Type. China: Xizang (Tibet), J. Thomson 33 (holotype B, probably destroyed).
  
Plants slender, small to medium-sized, 2–8 cm high, bright green or yellowish green, shiny, in dense tufts. Stems erect, rarely branched, radiculose below. Leaves crowded, distichous, 3–5 mm long, abruptly narrowed from an erect, oblong-lanceolate, sheathing base to a long, setaceous apex, with acumina about 1–3 times as long as the sheathing base; margins plane, smooth at the sheathing base, papillose in the subula; costa stout, almost filling the entire subula; upper leaf cells irregularly hexagonal, 5–12 µm × 4–5 µm, moderately thick-walled; lower and basal cells becoming elongate, linear-rectangular, 40–70 µm × 2.5–5.0 µm, rather thin-walled. Autoicous or dioicous. Perichaetial leaves similar to the upper stem leaves. Setae straight, reddish brown, 1.0–1.5 cm long; capsules erect, symmetric, oblong-ovoid to cylindric, 1.4–2.1 mm × 0.4–0.6 mm; opercula shortly conic-rostrate; annuli differentiated, in 1–2 rows of large, thick-walled cells; peristome teeth short-lanceolate, 0.10–0.15 mm long, divided nearly to the base, reddish brown or pale yellow, papillose above, obliquely striolate below. Spores 13–24 µm in diameter, yellowish brown, coarsely papillose.
 
 


 

 
 
© 2014 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110